Sramana

Published: 20.07.2005
Updated: 02.07.2015
Alias(es)
Samanic, Sramana Dharma, Sramana Tradition, Sramanic, Śrāmaṇa

Sramana is derived from

  • Sanskrit "Srama"
    to exert, effort, labor or to perform austerity.

It is mixed in with the meaning

  • Pakrit "Sama"
    equal, evenly distributed, to emancipate from karma.

Its Sanskrit form sramana has three meanings:

  1. One who exerts himself or has diligence (Srama).
  2. One who is calm and maintains equanimity (Sama). [inside]
  3. One who treats every one equally (Sama). [outside]

Sramana Dharma is the predecessor of the Jain Dharma. Same tradition, based on

  • exertion
  • equanimity
  • equality



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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Dharma
  2. Equanimity
  3. Jain Dharma
  4. Jainism
  5. Karma
  6. Mahavira
  7. Sanskrit
  8. Tirthankaras
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