Bhagavan Mahavira Life and Philosophy : [04.02] First Sermon: The Fourfold Path

Published: 10.08.2005
Updated: 06.10.2008

Chapter 4

Kaivalya (Omniscience) And The Bhagavan's Sermons


fter he had attained kaivalya Bhagavan Mahavira in the first sermon [1] explained the fourfold path of self-realisation:

1

Samyak darsana

Spiritual experience of Reality or Faith in Truth,

2

Samyak jnana

Knowledge of Reality,

3

Samyak caritra

Spiritual Discipline, and

4

Samyak tapa

The washing off of the effects of accumulated karmas through right austerities.

The world consists of two types of basic substances:

soul and non-soul.

A soul or atma bound by a body is called jiva or an embodied soul.

A free or a disembodied soul is called Paramatma (Perfect Soul).

That which causes transformation of the soul into the perfect soul
is called dharma or religion.

[1]

There are two traditional views about the first sermon.

  • According to the first view, Bhagavan Mahavira delivered his first sermon at Vipulacala. King Srenika and Queen Chelana were present there to hear the sermon.
  • According to the second view, Bhagavan Mahavira delivered the first sermon at the very spot where he had attained kaivalya. Only the heavenly beings were present then; there was no human being and therefore nobody took the major or the minor vows.
Sources
Title: Bhagavan Mahavira Life and Philosophy
Translated & Edited: Muni Mahendra Kumar
Language:

English

Edition 1995
Publisher: Jain Vishva Bharati, Ladnun, India

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Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Atma
  2. Body
  3. Caritra
  4. Darsana
  5. Dharma
  6. Discipline
  7. Jiva
  8. Jnana
  9. Kaivalya
  10. Karmas
  11. Mahavira
  12. Paramatma
  13. Soul
  14. Srenika
  15. Tapa
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