Tattva

Published: 06.12.2008
Updated: 17.12.2012
Alias(es)
Tattvas

A category of truth, the fundamental philosophical truth or principles.

In Jain philosophy, there are nine tattvas, the right knowledge of which is considered essential for attainment of samyaktva:

1

Jīva

soul or sentient-being

2

Ajīva

non-soul or non-sentient

3

Punya

merit (Results of Good Deeds)

4

Papa

demerit (Results of Bad Deeds)

5

Āśrava

cause of influx of karma

6

Samvara

cause of stoppage of influx of karma

7

Nirjarā

shedding off of karmas

8

Bandha

bondage of karma

9

Mokṣa

emancipation, liberation, salvation

Explained by Jain Scholars:

  • A man rides a wooden boat to reach the other side of the river (!) - The man is Jiva, the boat is ajiva.
  • Now the boat has a leak and water flows in. - That incoming of water is Asrava and accumulating there is bandh,
  • Now the man tries to save the boat by blocking the hole. - That blockage is Samvara and throwing the water outside is Nirjara.
  • Now the man crosses the river and reaches his destination, - Moksha.

References

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Ajiva
  2. Ajīva
  3. Asrava
  4. Bandh
  5. Bandha
  6. Jain Philosophy
  7. Jiva
  8. Jīva
  9. Karma
  10. Karmas
  11. Moksha
  12. Mokṣa
  13. Nine Tattvas
  14. Nirjara
  15. Nirjarā
  16. Papa
  17. Punya
  18. Samvara
  19. Samyaktva
  20. Soul
  21. Āśrava
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