Gujarat

Published: 08.10.2011
Updated: 02.11.2011
Alias(es)
गुजरात, ગુજરાત

Gujarat, India


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Gujarat

Gujarati: ગુજરાત,
Hindi: गुजरात,

is a state in western India. It has an area of 75,686 sq mi (196,030 km2) with a coastline of 1,600 km, most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 50 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east and the Arabian Sea as well as the Pakistani province of Sindh on the west. Its capital is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.

The state encompasses major sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first ports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch, served as ports and trading centers in the Maurya and Gupta empires. Mahatma Gandhi, considered India's "father of the nation", was a Gujarati who led the Indian Independence Movement against the British colonial rule.

Gujarat played an important role in the economic history of India throughout the history of India. The state has the fastest growing economy in India. It is also one of the most industrialized states of India, and has a per capita GDP almost twice that of the national average.

Locator map

File:India Gujarat locator map.svg

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Ahmedabad
  2. Bharuch
  3. Dholavira
  4. Gandhinagar
  5. Indus Valley Civilization
  6. Lothal
  7. Madhya Pradesh
  8. Maharashtra
  9. Mahatma
  10. Mahatma Gandhi
  11. Pradesh
  12. Rajasthan
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