Thanjavur

Published: 02.05.2013
Updated: 26.07.2013

Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu, 613002, India


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Thanjavur

Formerly Tanjore, is the headquarters of the Thanjavur District in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Scholars believe the name Thanjavur to have been derived from "Tanjan", a legendary asura in Hindu mythology. While the early history of Thanjavur remains unclear, the town first rose to prominence during the reign of the Medieval Cholas when it served as the capital of the Chola empire. After the fall of the Cholas, the town was ruled by various dynasties like Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas and the British Empire. It has been a part of independent India since 1947.

Thanjavur is an important center of South Indian religion, art, and architecture. Most of the Great Living Chola Temples, which are UNESCO World Heritage Monuments, are located in and around Thanjavur. The foremost among these, the Brihadeeswara Temple, is located in the center of the town. Thanjavur is also the home of the Tanjore painting, a painting style unique to the region. The town is an important agricultural center located at the heart of the region, known as the "Rice bowl of Tamil Nadu". Thanjavur is administered by a special grade municipality covering an area of 36.33 km2 (14.03 sq mi) and had a population of 222,619 in 2011.

  • Thanjavur Digambar Jain Temple

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  1. Asura
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  3. Jain Temple
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  5. Tamil
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  7. Thanjavur
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