Jain Vidya (1) ► 06 ►Tradition of Preceptors in Terapantha Order

Posted: 20.02.2016

Lesson - 6

Tradition of Preceptors in Terapantha Order

Tirthankar Mahavir established nine groups (Ganas) to keep the order well- managed. Eleven group-leaders (Ganadharas) were nominated to manage the nine groups. Of them, the last two groups had two group leaders each. After Mahavira’s death, group leader Sudharma Swami succeeded him, and Sudharma Swami was in turn succeeded by his chief disciple Jambu Kumar. Various preceptors followed in succession and they all glorified Jain order efficiently.

In Vikram Samvat 1817, Acharya Bhikhana founded Terapantha order at Kelava (Udaipur-Rajasthan). So far, Terapanth has got eleven preceptors. The eleventh preceptor Acharya Mahashraman heads it at present. The names of eleven acharyas are as follows:

Name of acharyas

Birth

Death

1. Acharya Bhikhana

V.S 1783

V.S 1860

 

1726 CE

1803 CE

2.  Acharya Bharimal

V.S 1803

V.S 1878

 

1746 CE

1821 CE

3.  Acharya Raichand

V.S 1847

V.S 1908

 

1790 CE

1851 CE

4.  Acharya Jitmal (Jayacharya)

V.S 1860

V.S 1938

   

1803 CE

1881 CE

5. Acharya Magharaj

V.S 1897

V.S 1949

 

1840 CE

1892 CE

6. Acharya Manakalal

V.S 1912

V.S 1954

 

1855 CE

1897 CE

7. Acharya Dalachand

V.S 1909

V.S 1966

 

1876 CE

1936 CE

8. Acharya Kaluram

V.S 1933

V.S 1993

 

1876 CE

1936 CE

9. Acharya Tulsi

V.S 1971

V.S 2054

 

1914 CE

1997 CE

10. Acharya Mahaprajna

V.S 1977

V.S 2067

 

1920 CE

2010 CE

11. Acharya Mahashraman

V.S 2019

 

 

1962 CE

 

Acharya Tulsi breathed his last at Gangashahar. On achadhi Krishna 3, V.S. 2053, he nominated Yuvacharya Mahapragya as his successor in Vikram Samvat 2050, Magh sukla saptami in Sujangarh. He was the tenth preceptor of Terapantha Order.

Questions:

  1. Rewrite the names of the elven preceptors of Terapantha.
  2. Who was the ninth preceptor?
  3. Who assumed the charge of the order after Tirthankar Mahavira’s death?
  4. When and where was Terapanth established?
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Title: Jain Vidya (1)
Editor: Muni Sumermal (Sudarshan)
Translation: Dr. Samani Shashi Pragya
Publisher: Samana Sanskriti Sankaya, Jain Vishwa Bharati, Ladnun
20th Edition: 2010