Posted: 15.09.2017
By Dr. M.B. Modi
Jain religion seeks spirituality in nature, science and in self. Hundreds of years ago, when science was not in existence, Jain Shramans used spiritual wisdom, logic and mathematics to understand God, Universe and Truth. In the process they developed science of Six Dravyas and Nav Tattavas that made God irrelevant for existence of the universe. They proposed eternal existence of space, motion (time), life and...
Posted: 12.07.2017
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
1. Introduction The property of consciousness is normally linked to the existence of soul in the Indian philosophies. Etymologically, consciousness implies one’s ability to know and perceive. Through consciousness, one can have knowledge of the external world or one’s own mental state. The thing, which distinguishes us from innate matter, is consciousness. A proper explanation of consciousness is eluding...
Posted: 17.02.2017
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
National Seminar on Jain Mathematics: Historical and Theoretical Aspects. Ladnun, 2009 1. Introduction Doctrine of Karma is the central principle in Jain philosophy and many other Indian philosophies. Soul bonds Karma of various kinds for the activities of body, mind and speech. It is only the Jain philosophy that also describes the mechanism of bondage. According to this philosophy the soul has two subtle...
Posted: 31.01.2017
By Prof. Dr. Prem Suman Jain
The Jaina thinkers have indicated the practical steps to be followed in the attainment of insight to the real nature of the Self and the knowledge of the various substances in the universe. The journey begins with the development of spiritual attitude. Acharya Kundakunda has indicated with sufficient clarity the nature of the fully liberated soul. According to Jainism, the march of the soul towards a spiritual...
Posted: 28.01.2017
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Abstract The soul associated with karma is impure and is in a perverted state. The pervertedness appears as a structure (virtual) in the soul. This structure of the soul has not been studied analytically. An attempt is made in this paper to present a model of the cognition process of the soul which enables to analytically describe the concepts like perception, intelligence, buddhi, mind, ahamkara and emotions...
Posted: 01.07.2016
By Dr. M.B. Modi
Thousands of years ago when science was not in existence, ancient Jain Shramans known as Dhundias or ‘seekers’ of truth, used spiritual wisdom, logic and mathematics to understand God, Universe and Truth. They made history by discovering spirituality in science, nature and in self rather than in God and superstition. They discovered physics of the universe, soul, body, and postulated theories, which are...
Posted: 12.05.2016
By Dr. Peter Flügel
Prof. Laxmi Chandra Jain Prologue of Mathematical Sciences in the Karma Antiquity PROLOGUE Doctrines of karman occupy the space between natural and moral philosophy. They mediate between determinism and free will. Tensions between the two principal components of karman theory, a deterministic philosophy of nature or karmic causality and intention-based ethics, are in evidence throughout the history of Indian...
Posted: 07.05.2016
 
“Thousands of years ago when science was not in existence, ancient Jain Shramans known as Dhundias or ‘seekers’ of truth, used spiritual wisdom, logic and mathematics to understand God, Universe and Truth. They made history by postulating concepts and theories, which are similar to those found in standard textbooks on quantum physics, quantum cosmology, quantum biology, psychology, neurology and life...
Posted: 17.03.2016
By Prof. Dr. Anupam Jain
Manipal Centre for Philosophy and Humanities Workshop on "Dharma in Jainism" held at MCPH on 2nd and 3rd Feb, 2015. Dr Anupam Jain’s talk on the role of mathematics in the workshop on ‘Dharma in Jainism’ brought to light the rich mathematical knowledge presented in the Jaina philosophy. He started by defining Jaina mathematics as mathematics found in Jaina Canonical Literature or in literature written by...
Posted: 09.03.2016
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Introduction The universe we live in has always been an object of inquiry. All ancient civilizations have pondered over this matter and developed different philosophical understanding. The omniscient Tirthankaras experienced reality in its absolute form and knew the whole loka . Mahavira replied to all questions about loka and some of these are recorded in agama texts. These descriptions are based on direct...
Posted: 19.02.2016
 
Video (Part 2) by Phil Langdon I always wanted to expand on the previous video called Fibonacci's Fractals but felt I didn't have the conceptual or visual ingredients to explain well enough where this all goes. I always wanted to be able to convey ideas and concepts in the simplest terms but even with crystal clear explanations many people only understand things from their perspective and point of view,...
Posted: 18.02.2016
By Dr. M.B. Modi
Introduction: I find that revolutionary discoveries such as ‘Theories of Special and General Relativities’ made by Einstein during 1905-1915 are in fact mathematical expressions of basic Jain Principle called Satyasat Property of matter and Avagahan Guna of Akash Dravya. More than 2500 years ago Bhagwan Mahavir declared that empty cosmic space is infinite Akash Dravya with Avagahan Guna, which means space...
Posted: 12.02.2016
 
MAJOR Discovery: Scientists announce finding Gravitational Waves confirming Einstein's theory at Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), Livingston, Louisiana, USA Scientists at LIGO announce major discovery. Physicists detect Gravitational Waves, proving Einstein right. A team of physicists who can now count themselves as astronomers announced on Thursday that they had heard and recorded...
Posted: 27.10.2015
By Dr. M.B. Modi
Abstract ‘The world or ‘ Loka’ we perceive through our senses is a Physical Reality of eternal Panchastikaya that has time changing characteristics, finite dimensions and multiplicity’ said Bhagwan Mahavir long ago. Existence of Panchastikaya Loka is Absolute Truth (Sat), which is devoid of all limits, diversities and distinctions. But the physical universe Loka, which we see is limited by space and...
Posted: 02.04.2015
By Dr. Manju Nahata
I feel honoured to accept the invitation for a 20 minute lecture on Jaina Mathematics and its cultural underpinnings. The title, honestly speaking, calls for a whole book, for thorough discussion. All, I therefore can do here today is to give you a sharp outline. The Mathematical heritage of India, historically speaking is nearly 3000 yrs. Old. The Jain philosophy, which is non-absolutist in nature, is...
Posted: 11.12.2014
By Dr. M.B. Modi
Essence: We present below in brief, the findings of our research on Swetambar and Digambar Jain scriptures conducted during the period 2008- 2013 under the supervision of a quantum physicist. The research team consisted of eminent Jain saints, Ph. D. students, university professors and some followers of the two Jaina sects. The research team evaluated the scientific contents of both Swetamber and Digamber...
Posted: 01.12.2014
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Introduction It is emphasized in Jain philosophy, and other Indian philosophies, that Enlightenment is the aim of life. All Jain agamas and scriptures describe the importance of Enlightenment and the ways and means to achieve it. The worldly soul is in impure state due to its association with karma. All efforts to be made are aimed at eradication and annihilation of karma, auspicious and inauspicious, and to...
Posted: 15.08.2014
By Ashok Kumar Dhammani
Background A large number of next generations of Jain Community is adopting Science and Technology as their path to pursue. Their religious Jain teaching and scientific discoveries pose challenges to them and finding relevance & reconciliation of their religion in new era of science and technology. While vegetarianism, jeevdaya and way of living is supported, modern finding in physics, chemistry, biology,...
Posted: 15.08.2014
By Ashok Kumar Dhammani
Background Carbon is an element which is basics of creation of life. It is available on home blue planet earth environment as carbon dioxide (CO2) (0.04%). There is a carbon cycle running in living beings on earth and there is estimated 560 billion (one billion is 100 crore) ton biomass on earth. As per this carbon cycle plants absorb CO2 during sunlight and using photosynthesis convert into carbohydrates and...
Posted: 15.07.2014
By Amit Jain
ABSTRACT This paper is aimed at analyzing various verses from Jain Annals that tend to explain the structure of space and time in this theology. The specific purpose of this paper is to explain that the current interpretation of Jain annals, which claims that planet Earth is flat with Mt Meru in its center, and two sets of sun and moon roving around it is wrong. This paper then presents an alternate model,...
Posted: 07.07.2014
By Dr. M.B. Modi
I received some appreciative comments and queries from a wide section of the readers on my following two articles posted on HN4U website. Jainism, Quantum Physics and Evolving Spiritualism Concepts of Space, Time and God Particle in Jainism and in Science The readers apparently seem to be excited about my presentation which is refreshingly different from the routine exercise of comparing Jainism with science...
Posted: 07.06.2014
By Dr. M.B. Modi
Bhagwan Mahavir in 560 B.C. and Albert Einstein in 1905 A.D. said, ‘the universe has no creator’. Mahavir called the universe as Akashastikaya and Einstein named it Cosmic Space . Both believed that the universe consists of finite size material space and infinite empty space. Mahavir named the material space as Panchastikaya Loka and infinite empty space as Aloka. Einstein used exactly the same terminology...
Posted: 08.04.2014
By Dr. M.B. Modi
This flyer is being published for free distribution on the occasion of Mahavir Jayanti by Shri Arinjaya Jain, 3E. Green Park, Delhi. Readers are requested to please email/distribute this flyer to friends, media, students and Intellectuals, so that the world knows the contribution of Jain Shramans to development of science long before it was discovered in the west. This flyer logically and unambiguously...
Posted: 22.10.2013
By Dr. Sudhir V. Shah
Presentation by Dr. Sudhir V. Shah: Jainism a super science - by dr. sudhir v. shah
Posted: 30.12.2012
By Vidyadhar Danawade
Perception of the universe has remained a great mystic to philosophers as well as scientists. Preaching of religion by supermen is incomplete without reference to the universe. On this topic some important information is depicted in Jain scriptures. These scriptures are recorded from the speech of omniscient lord Mahavir. Lord Mahavir was 24th Tirthankar. He was Kevalgyani. He had attained full and perfect...
Posted: 02.10.2012
By Dr. M.B. Modi
0. Introduction I am a senior retired DRDO scientist presently engaged in research on Jain Agams. Our research is unique and different from others. We are searching science in Jain Agams. We believe Mahavir’s spirituality is not about religion, God or rituals but it is about Truth and oneness of the universe. He preferred education to devotion and knowledge to faith. Jainism is more relevant to the modern...
Posted: 12.10.2011
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Soul, Consciousness, Mind and Jainism 1 Soul and Consciousness It is necessary to distinguish between the terms soul, consciousness, mind and awareness to understand the functioning of brain. We briefly review the views of different religions and philosophies on soul and consciousness first. 1.1 Jainism In Jainism he term Jiva , meaning soul, connotes that Soul is consciousness itself and consciousness...
Posted: 29.09.2011
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Quantum Mechanics and Consciousness 1. Introduction Quantum mechanics is a more fundamental theory than Newtonian mechanics and classical electromagnetism, in the sense that it provides accurate and precise descriptions for many phenomena these "classical" theories simply cannot explain on the atomic and subatomic level. Quantum mechanics was initially developed to explain the atom, especially the...
Posted: 13.09.2011
By Prof. Dr. Narendra Bhandari
Anekantavad as a Physical Reality Lecture delivered at the International Seminar on " Anekanta: a dialogue for human concerns" held at Vadoadara, December 6-9th, 2002, organized by Jain Vishva Bharati Institute, Ladnun, Anekantavad is the corner stone of Jainism around which the whole philosophy and religion have developed. It is as fundamental as the Karmavad or Causality in physics. It has been mentioned in...
Posted: 12.09.2011
By Prof. Dr. Narendra Bhandari
Modern Physics and Jain Darshan We examine here the question whether any common ground exists between Modern physics and religion, particularly the Jain Darshan. The question has arisen because some religious leaders as well as proponents of modern physics think that they belong to different spheres of activity, one dealing with soul and spirituality (which are not physical entities) and the other with matter...
Posted: 07.06.2011
 
Born: about 800 in possibly Mysore, India Died: about 870 in India Mahaviracharya, meaning Mahavira the Teacher, was of the Jaina religion and was familiar with Jaina mathematics. He worked in Mysore in southern Indian where he was a member of a school of mathematics. If he was not born in Mysore then it is very likely that he was born close to this town in the same region of India. We have essentially no other...
Posted: 06.06.2011
 
Acharya Hemchandra Born: 1089 in Dhandhuka, Gujarat, India Died: 1173 in Gujarat, India Hemchandra 's mother was named Pahini and his father Chachadev. The name Hemchandra was one he took later in life and he was named Candradeva after he was born. The city of Dhandhuka where he was born is about 50 km south west of Ahmadabad the capital of Gujarat. Candradeva, when still young, was taken to a Jain temple where...
Posted: 05.06.2011
By Dr. David Gray
1. Math and Ethnocentrism The study of mathematics in the West has long been characterized by a certain ethnocentric bias, a bias which most often manifests not in explicit racism, but in a tendency toward undermining or eliding the real contributions made by non-Western civilizations. The debt owed by the West to other civilizations, and to India in particular, go back to the earliest epoch of the "Western"...
Posted: 04.06.2011
By Manikant Shah
Some time back D.P. Agrawal had posted a story on this website, "Ancient Jaina Mathematics: an Introduction," mainly based on George Gheverghese's The Crest of the Peacock: Non-European Roots of Mathematics . There were some critical comments on it. This time I am giving a summary of L.C. Jain's essay. LC Jain is a well-known mathematician and an authority on Jain Maths. (The main source and LC Jain's address...
Posted: 03.06.2011
By Prof. D.P. Agrawal
The origins of Buddhism and Jainism can be placed around the middle of the first millennium BC. Both Jainism and Buddhism were basically rebellions against the rituals and sacrifices of the earlier Brahmanical religions. Somehow the Buddhists seem to have specialised in medicine and the Jainas in maths. Kuriyama says that surgery and physical Ayurveda became two separate traditions, surgery being more important...
Posted: 02.06.2011
By Dr. S.K. Jain, Prof. Laxmi Chandra Jain
"The words or the language, as they are written or spoken, do not seem to play any role in my mechanism of thought. The psychical entities which seem to serve as elements in thought are certain signs and more or less clear images which can be voluntarily reproduced and combined" -Albert Elinstein, Ideas and Opinions, Calcutta, 1979. I. Introduction The word, "Mathematical Philosophy", seem to have originated by...
Posted: 02.06.2011
 
Books L C Jain, The Tao of Jaina sciences (Delhi, 1992). G G Joseph, The crest of the peacock (London, 1991). Articles: R C Gupta, Chords and areas of Jambudvipa regions in Jaina cosmography, Ganita Bharati 9 (1-4) (1987), no. 1-4, 51-53. R C Gupta, Madhavacandra's and other octagonal derivations of the Jaina value π = √10, Indian J. Hist. Sci. 21 (2) (1986), 131-139. R C Gupta, On some rules from Jaina...
Posted: 30.05.2010
 
An atheist professor of philosophy speaks to his class on the problem Science has with God, The Almighty. He asks one of his new students to stand and….. Prof: So you believe in God? Student: Absolutely, sir. Prof: Is God good? Student: Sure. Prof: Is God all-powerful? Student: Yes. Prof: My brother died of cancer even though he prayed to God to heal him. Most of us would attempt to help others who are ill...
Posted: 10.03.2009
By Dr. Mahavir Raj Gelra
Shirsaprahelika (The Top riddle) Mahapragya, while giving a discourse on the arithmetic of the Vedic Era, mentioned about the specialty of the Sirsaprahelika , the maximum number, described in the Jain canonical texts. Yajurveda, 17/2 mentions up to Mahasankha in which 20 digits are included. An intermediate number of ten kharabas is also prominent, which is obtained by raising 10 to the power of 12 i.e. 10 12...
Posted: 09.03.2009
By Dr. Mahavir Raj Gelra
In the Sthananga-sutra, ten types of Mathematics are described in the chapter dealing with numerate terms. Mahapragya has presented a detailed note on this mathematical learning, which is complete in itself. This ancient mathematical style will be interesting for the readers. 1. Parikarma (Operators) - In the Indian system, there are eight basic mathematical operations - (i) addition, (ii) subtraction, (iii)...
Posted: 06.03.2009
By Dr. Mahavir Raj Gelra
The beginning of the studies of mathematics in India is regarded a thousand years before Christian era. This was the period when the Jain knowledge prophesied by the Lord Parshwanath was flourishing. Jain arithmetic finds its parallels in Vedic mathematics. During Vedic period, the sacrificial altars were constructed in various safe geometrical shapes to confine the sacred fire. The shapes of the pits used to...
Posted: 12.08.2008
By Dr. Mahavir Raj Gelra
World Congress of Philosophy “Rethinking Philosophy Today”, Seoul, South Korea, July 30 to August 5, 2008 International Roundtable: 'The Role of Jainism in Evolving a New Paradigm of Philosophy' JAIN VISHVA BHARATI UNIVERSITY New Model For Scientific And Technological Policies In Jain Perspective We, women and men, have gathered here from all over the world, to participate in the XXII World...
Posted: 04.07.2008
By Prof. Dr. Sohan Raj Tater
JAIN VISHVA BHARATI UNIVERSITY Idealism And Realism In Western And Indian Philosophies Over the centuries the philosophical attitude in the west has never been constant but undulated between Idealism and Realism. The difference between these two appears to be irreconcilable, being more or less bound up with the innate difference of predispositions and tendencies varying from person to person. The result is an...
Posted: 18.06.2008
By Prof. Dr. Sohan Raj Tater
JAIN VISHVA BHARATI UNIVERSITY The Form of Soul in Indian Philosophies A living being is one that lives, that feels livingness and life-determining karma. That is why a creature is known as a living being. ( jāhā jīveti jīvattaṁ āyuyaṁ ca kammaṁ upjīvati tamhā ‘jīve’ tti vattatvaṁ siyā. ) In the scripture ‘Bhagawatī Sūtra’ 23 names have been given for a living being1: Jīva (living...
Posted: 13.06.2008
By Prof. Dr. Sohan Raj Tater
JAIN VISHVA BHARATI UNIVERSITY Reality as per Western and Indian Philosophy Since the dawn of civilization, men in different times and different climes, have tried to solve the riddle of the universe. They have tried to find out what the universe was, what was its origin and destiny, its size and shape, who created it, why how and when? The result of these deliberations has given rise to number of theories that...
Posted: 09.06.2008
By Prof. Dr. Kamal Chand Sogani
7.0 Method of Using Common Man's Language It is incontrovertible that the 6th Century B.C. witnessed the rise of the 24th Tirthańkara, Mahāvīra who played a dominant role in shaping the cultural history of India. He revolted against the socio-religious exploitation and oppression of man and introduced vigorous innovations in the then existing social law and order. In fact, he serves as an illustration both...
Posted: 08.06.2008
By Prof. Dr. Kamal Chand Sogani
6.0 Method Of Emphasizing Individual Liberty Along-With Social Responsibility Mahāvīra fought for individual liberty in the context of social life. He revolted against the economic exploitation and social oppression of man and introduced vigorous innovations in the then existing social law and order. In a way, he was a social anarchist. In this way, Mahavira regarded individual and his social responsibility...
Posted: 07.06.2008
By Prof. Dr. Kamal Chand Sogani
5.0 Method Of Propagating The Doctrine Of Karma Mahāvīra ascribed responsibility to an individual for the actions that he does in society. For establishing this he propagated the doctrine of Karma. Individuals differ from one another in respect of cognition, conation and affection etc. What is the cause of this difference? How to account for these perceptible distinctions among individuals? The answer of...
Posted: 06.06.2008
By Prof. Dr. Kamal Chand Sogani
4.0 Method To Propound The Philosophy Of Fighting Defensive Wars And Of Vegetarianism The term hińsā may be defined as the committing of injury to the Dravya- Prāņas and the Bhāva- Prāņas through the operation of intense-passion-infected Yoga (activity of mind, body, and speech).[19] Suicide, homicide and killing of any other life whatsoever aptly sum up the nature of hińsā, inasmuch as these...
Posted: 05.06.2008
By Prof. Dr. Kamal Chand Sogani
3.0 Method Of According Religious Freedom to Women and Downtrodden People Mahāvīra gave complete religious freedom to women. They were allowed to accept the life of asceticism like men. Mahāvīra himself initiated Candanā into the ascetic order. In the Sańgha of Mahāvīra 36000 Sādhvīs were following religious observances. "The followers of Jaina religion have been divided into four categories, viz.,...

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