Acharya Shantisagar

Updated: 25.08.2011
Alias(es)
Acharya Shanti Sagar, Shantisagar, श्री शांतिसागर महाराज

Lifetime

Born: 1872, at Yelagula (Bhoj), Karnataka, India
Passed away: 18.09.1955 @ Kunthalgiri

About

Acharya Shri Shantisagar Maharaj, Charitra Chakravarti (आचार्य श्री शांतिसागर चरित्र चक्रवर्ती)

was the first Digambar Jain Acharya of the 20th century, and the first Digambar Jain monk to wander in North India after several centuries.

Padmanabh Jaini writes in the first paragraph of "The Path of Purification" (1979:

"It is August, 1955. On the holy mount of Kunthalagiri, in the state of Maharashtra in India, an old man called Santisagara (Ocean of peace) is ritually fasting to death. He is the Acharya (spiritual leader) of the Digambara Jaina community; now, after thirty-five years as a mendicant, he is attaining his mortal end in the holy manner prescribed by the great saint Mahavira almost 2,500 years earlier. Santisagara has owned nothing, not even a loincloth, since 1920. He has wandered on foot over the length and breadth of India, receiving food offerings but once a day. and then with only his bare hands for a bowl; he has spoken little during daylight hours and not at all after sunset. From August 14 until September 7 he takes only water; then, unable to drink without help, he ceases even that. At last, fully conscious and chanting the Jain a litany, he dies in the early morning of September 18. The holiness and propriety of his life and of the manner of his death are widely known and admired by Jainas throughout India".

Tradition

He belonged to the lineage of Sena Gana[2], made famous by Acharya Jinasena and his pupils in the Rashtrakuta period. His initiator Devendrakirti belonged to this lineage. The Sena Gana itself was a branch of the Pancha-stupa lineage.

Chronological outline
Based on the account given by Sumeruchandra Diwakar and Dharmachanda Shastri:
  • 1872 born to Bhimagauda Patil and Satyavati at Yelagula (Bhoj), Karnataka, named Satgauda
  • 1881 Married at age 9, wife died in six months
    - Serves Acharya Muni Adisagar
    - Father died
  • 1905 Pilgrimage to Sammet Shikhar with sister
As Kshullaka (Junior monk)
  • 1915 Kshullaka Diksha by Muni Devakirti (Devappa Swami), former Sena Gana Bhattaraka
  • 1918 Visit to Mt. Girnar
As Muni (full monk)
  • 1919 Yarnal, Full Muni Diksha from Muni Devakirti
  • 1921 First Chaurmas at Kognoli
  • 1922 Ch Naslapur
As Acharya
  • 1924 Ch Samdoli, Acharya pada given, initiated Munis Virasagar and Nemisagar
  • 1925 Ch Kumbhoj, urged to visit Samet Shikhar
  • - Present at Mahamastakabhisheka at Shravanbelgola (Kanrataka)
  • 1926 Ch Nanded
  • 1927 Ch Bahubali (Maha.)
  • - Nagpur (Maha., then capital of Central Provinces)
Eastern India wanderings
  • - Panchakalyanaka at Samet Shikhar (Bihar)
  • - Champapur
  • - Pavapur
Central India wanderings
  • 1928 Ch Katni (Madhya Pradesh)
  • - Jabalpur, Sleemanabad
  • - Nohta
  • - Kundalpur
  • - Sagar
  • - Dronagir, encounter with tiger
  • 1929 Ch Lalitpur
  • - Sonagir: 4 Ailaks initiated
  • - Gwalior
  • - Murena
Northern India wanderings
  • -Rajakheda (UP): attacked by a violent crowd
  • - Agra
  • -Firozabad
  • 1930 Ch Mathura, Digambar Jain Mahasabha blessed
  • - Delhi (marked by a memorial at Lal Mandir)
  • - Hastinapur
  • 1931 Ch Delhi
Western India wanderings
  • - Mahavirji (Raj.)
  • 1932 Ch Jaipur
  • 1933 Ch Byavar
  • 1934 Ch Udaipur
  • 1935 Ch Goral
  • 1936 Ch Pratapgarh
  • 1937 Ch Gajpantha (Maha.)
  • - Sanskrit "Shri Shantisagar Charitra" written by Muni Kunthusagar
  • - Gajpantha: Given title "Charitra Chakravarti"
  • 1938 Ch Baramati
  • -Indore (MP)
  • 1939 Ch Pratapgarh (Raj)
Maharashtra wanderings
  • 1940 Ch Gorel (Maha)
  • 1941 Ch Akluj
  • 1942 Ch Korochi
  • 1943 Ch Digraj
  • 1944 Ch Kunthalgiri
  • 1945 Ch Phaltan
  • 1946 Ch Kavalana
  • 1947 Ch. Sholapur, India's independence - A mute young man starts speaking
  • 1948 Ch Phaltan
  • 1949 Ch Kavlana
  • 1950 Ch Gajpantha
  • 1951 Ch Baramati
  • 1952 Ch Lonand
  • 1953 Ch Kunthalgiri
  • 1953 Book "Charitra Chakravarti" by Sumeruchandra Diwakar published
  • 1954 Preservation of Dhavala books
Final samadhi
  • 1955 Ch Kunthalgiri
  • - Determination for Sallekhana
  • - Sumeruchandra Diwakar arrived
  • - Acharya pada awarded to Muni Virasagar
  • - Bhattarakas Lakshmisen and Jinasen arrive
  • Sept 18, 1955 Kunthalgiri: Samadhimarana

Compiled by Yashwant Malaiya

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


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References

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  1. Acharya
  2. Agra
  3. Bahubali
  4. Bhattaraka
  5. Bhattarakas
  6. Bihar
  7. Chakravarti
  8. Champapur
  9. Charitra
  10. Delhi
  11. Devendrakirti
  12. Digambar
  13. Digambara
  14. Diksha
  15. Fasting
  16. Girnar
  17. Gwalior
  18. Hastinapur
  19. JAINA
  20. Jabalpur
  21. Jaina
  22. Jaipur
  23. Jinasena
  24. Karnataka
  25. Kshullaka
  26. Kundalpur
  27. Lalitpur
  28. Madhya Pradesh
  29. Mahamastakabhisheka
  30. Maharashtra
  31. Mahasabha
  32. Mahavira
  33. Mandir
  34. Mathura
  35. Muni
  36. Munis
  37. Nagpur
  38. Padmanabh Jaini
  39. Pradesh
  40. Sagar
  41. Sallekhana
  42. Samadhi
  43. Samet Shikhar
  44. Sammet Shikhar
  45. Sanskrit
  46. Sena Gana
  47. Sonagir
  48. Swami
  49. Udaipur
  50. Yashwant Malaiya
  51. आचार्य
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