Updated on: 20.07.2010


Acharya Haribhadra, Haribhadra Suri, Haribhadra Sūri


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   ► Individuals ► Svetambara
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Haribhadra Suri (c.700-c.770, or 459-529, traditional)

was a Svetambara mendicant Jain leader (Acharya) and author.

With his writings, he established that Sanskrit, rather than Prakrit, would be the language of Jain study. He used his only familiarity with the techniques of brahminical study and wrote in the same style. He is also noted for the great respect he displays toward other religious traditions. He even did what few other Jain scholars have done, and wrote a commentary on the Nyāyapraveśa, a text on Indian logic by the Buddhist scholar Dignāga. He does however ultimately support Jain thought, arguing that the other beliefs tend to display only a one-sided view of the greater reality.

Among his works are:

  • Anekāntajayapatākā (The Victory Banner of Relativism) - which puts forward arguments about anekantavada
  • Ashtakaprakarana (The Eightfold Explanation)
  • Dharmabindu - which outlines the duties of the laity, outlines rules for mendicants, and describes the bliss of moksha
  • Dhūrtākhyāna (The Rogue's Stories) - a satire of Hinduism
  • Pañcāśaka - a Prakrit work on rituals and spiritual matters
  • Ṣaḍdarśanasamuccaya (Compendium of Six Philosophies) - which compares Jainism with other schools of Indian philosophy
  • Samarāiccakahā (The Story of Samarāicca) - a narrative which outlines the effects of karma in a story about the enmity of its characters which endures over several reincarnations
  • Sāstravārtāsamuccaya (The Array of Explanatory Teachings)
  • Yogabindu (The Seeds of Yoga) - a work on yoga
  • Yogadrishtisamuccaya (An Array of Views on Yoga) - another work on yoga
  • Yogaśataka - a third work on yoga. In these three volumes, he compares the yoga of Jainism with the other varieties of yoga prevalent in India at the time.
  • Sanmatti Prakaran



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