Acharya Bhikshu

Updated on: 22.06.2010


Acharya Bhikhana, Acharya Bhikshuji, Acharya Bikshu, Bhikhanji, Bhikhanji Swami, Bhikhsu Swami, Bhikshu, Bhikshu Swami, Bhiksu, Muni Bhikanji, आचार्य भिक्षु


   ► Individuals ► Svetambara ► Terapanth ► Acharya


Born: 01.07.1726 in Kantaliya, Rajasthan, India
Passed away: 08.1803 at Siryari, Rajasthan, India


Acharya Shree Bikshuji

Acharya Shree Bikshuji

Date of Birth

V.S.1783, Asaad Sukla Troyodeshi, Tuesday

Place of Birth


Father's Name


Mother's Name


Marital Status





Beesa Oswal

Date Of Diksha

D. Di. V. S. 1808. Bhav Di. V. S. 1810, Asaad Shukla Purnima

Diksha By

D. Di. A. Raghunathji. Bhav. Di.

Place of Diksha

Bhagdi Kevla

Teacher (Guru)


Appointment of Successor and Place (Yuvacharya)

Not available

Appointment as Acharya and Place

V. S. 1817 Asaad Shukla Purnima

Number of Sadhu & Sadhvi at the time of appointment as Acharya

Sadhu: 8 Sadhvi: 0

New Diksha of Sadhu & Sadhvis during Acharya period.

Sadhu: 46 Sadhvi: 56

Date of passing away (Devlok)

V. S. 1860 Bhadrav Shukla. Trayodashi 7 prahar.

Number of Maryada Mohotsav


Tenure as Acharya

43 years and 2 months

Maximum Chaturmas

Siriyari 7, Pali 7

No of Sadhu & Sadhvi at the time of passing away.

Sadhu: 21 Sadhvi: 27

Sadhvi Pramukha during Acharya period

Sadhvi Barjuji

Monument built at the
cremation place of
Acharya Bikshu in Siriyari

Acharya Shree Bikshuji was the first of the 'Terapanthi' ascetic. The various beliefs and teachings of the religious orders of those times greatly influenced his thinking and he chose to follow the way of the search for truth and to understand it. He studied and analyzed the various disciplines of the Jain religion thoroughly and on this basis he compiled his own ideologies and principles of the Jain way of life. Based on the doctrines he propagated, A. S. Bikshuji rigorously followed the principles and thus set an example for all to follow. He showed the way for a life of discipline, purity and self-control. It was this way of life that was demonstrated by A. S. Bikshuji which came to known as Terapanth.

Though gold is invaluable by itself it yet needs to be tested and molded by fire to win the admiration and appreciation of the masses. Similarly the life of A. S. Bikshuji was a prodigy of ups and downs that tested and molded him to become a supreme individual. While the first half of the life of A. S. Bikshuji relates to us how he faced ordeals and difficulties, the second half reveals (unfolds) the success and accomplishments. It is this narration of the life and times of A. S. Bikshuji which has been complied and presented in the Rajasthani language and serves as a fountain of knowledge of those traditions and times.

In ancient times A. S. Bikshuji has been referred to as 'Bhikhanji', 'Bhikhamji', 'Bhikhu' etc. His followers piously referred to the great monk as 'Swamiji'. This biography of Swamiji has been presented at www.

A.S. Bikshuji was a monk who was far ahead of his times. He rose above the present conditions of the society and strived to present and example to the people of all times of a life of discipline and truth. In pursuit of this objective he sacrificed material goals, honor and luxuries. By adhering strictly to the doctrines he laid down, he overcame the weaknesses of the body and human character and led the way of to a celestial life. He revolutionized the various principles which had become meaningless with the passing of time and gave conception and birth to these tenements. He visualized a systematic, well established and orderly religious sect and saw it taking shape through 'Terapanth'. To organize and stabilize this religious order he propagated the ideology of one guru and brought to an end the concept of self discipleship. In this way his ideology of one Acharya, one principle, one thought and similar thinking became the ideal for other religious sects.

Swamiji was an ideal of tolerance, non-violence, generosity and equality and at every instance of his life he strived to stand against what was immoral and wrong in society fearlessly. The life of A. S. Bikshuji sets out an example for human to follow of a life of the positive human traits. We hope that this presentation of the life of Swamiji will be an inspiration to all to lead a life of simplicity and self discipline.

Acharya Bikshu's Letter of Conduct

Maryada Patra 1

Maryada Patra 2

The 10 Acharyas of Svetamber Terapanth Jains





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