Tattva

Posted: 06.12.2008
Updated on: 17.12.2012

Alias

Tattvas

A category of truth, the fundamental philosophical truth or principles.

In Jain philosophy, there are nine tattvas, the right knowledge of which is considered essential for attainment of samyaktva:

1

Jīva

soul or sentient-being

2

Ajīva

non-soul or non-sentient

3

Punya

merit (Results of Good Deeds)

4

Papa

demerit (Results of Bad Deeds)

5

Āśrava

cause of influx of karma

6

Samvara

cause of stoppage of influx of karma

7

Nirjarā

shedding off of karmas

8

Bandha

bondage of karma

9

Mokṣa

emancipation, liberation, salvation

Explained by Jain Scholars:

  • A man rides a wooden boat to reach the other side of the river (!) - The man is Jiva, the boat is ajiva.
  • Now the boat has a leak and water flows in. - That incoming of water is Asrava and accumulating there is bandh,
  • Now the man tries to save the boat by blocking the hole. - That blockage is Samvara and throwing the water outside is Nirjara.
  • Now the man crosses the river and reaches his destination, - Moksha.

References

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