The Jaina Doctrine of Karma And The Science Of Genetics ► [4.1] Bondage Of Karma ► ▪ Sthiti (Duration)

Posted: 30.04.2009

Sthiti (Duration)

How long the karma will stay associated with the soul is determined by the quality of our passions at the time of our activities. If our desire for the activity is mild then the duration of bondage would be of a shorter time. If our desire is stronger then the duration of bondage would of a longer time. The minimum time may be of a fraction of time to Antarmuhūrta (less than 48 minutes) and a maximum time could be of innumerable year (70 krodā-krodī sāgropama). The duration of each type of karma differs according to its nature and fruition. The Jaina texts distinguish three lengths of the period of duration:

      1. of minimum duration.
      2. of intermediate duration.
      3. of maximum duration.

 

The duration of intermediate category of each action varies according to its intensity and gravity. The minimum and maximum duration of eight main types karma may be formulated in following table:

S.No.

Nature of Karma

Duration

Maximum Duration

Minimum

Abādhākāla

01.

Knowledge obscuring (jñānāvarṇa)

Antaramuhurta

3000 years

30 Karodā-karodī Sāgropama

02.

Intuition obscuring (darśanāvarṇa)

Antaramuhurta

3000 years

30 Karodā-karodī Sāgropama

03.

Feeling producing (vedaniya)

12 Antaramuhurta

300 years

30 Karodā-karodī Sāgropama

04.

Deluding (mohanīya)

Antarmuhurta

7000 years

70 Karodā-karodī Sāgropama

05.

Age determining (ayuṣya)

256 Avātikā

None

33 Sāgaropama

06.

Body making (nāma)

8 Antaramuhurata

2000 years

20 krodā-karodī Sāgaropama

07.

Status determining (gotra)

8 Antaramuhurata

2000 years

20 krodā-karodī Sāgaropama

08.

Obstructive (antarāya)

Antarmuhurata

3000 years

30 krodā-karodī Sāgaropama

Here abādhākala is the maximum waiting time before realization. The word antarmuhūrata denotes a period of time from one to in between 48 minutes, krodā-karodi means one crore multiplied by one crore. The word sāgropama stands for an immeasurable period of time.

Footnotes:
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Doctoral Thesis, JVBU