Niyamasara

Posted: 01.10.2009
Updated on: 11.12.2011

Alias

Niyamasara: Salvation Through Self-Discipline, Niyamasāra

General

Author:

Acharya Kundakunda

About:

Original Text: Prakrit.

Niyamasara is a 1st Century CE spiritual treatise described by its commentators as the Bhagavat Shastra. It expounds the path of liberation.

Subject matter:

Niyamasara deals with the three ethico-spiritual standpoints of understanding ultimate Reality:

Niyamasara effectively removes doubts related to Parayayarthika naya and Dravyarthika nayas and elaborates on Vyavahara caritra. He stresses that Vyavahara caritra is based on samyama (self-restraint) and hence rooted in appropriate psychic disposition. He places great stress on cleansing the soul of vibhavas, internal impurities,through self-discipline.

A unique feature of the Niyamasara is that Kundakunda characterises both Nichcaya caritra and Vyavahara caritra as tapa, or practice of austerity from their respective nayas. This characterization is based on psychological and pragmatic considerations and if put in practice properly it would lead to internal and external purity and annihilation of the four passions. Kundakunda concludes that Vyavahara caritra and Nishcaya caritra together constitute Samyak caritra. Another unique feature of this text is its description of parama samadhi, not found elsewhere in Jain literature.


Book

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Title:

Salvation Through Self-Discipline
Niyamasara of KundaKunda

Author:

Acharya Kundakunda

Publisher:

Radiant Publishers, New Delhi, India

Translation:

J. P. Jain 'Sadhak'

Introduction:

J. P. Jain 'Sadhak'

Edition:

2005

ISBN:

9788170272427

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Bookshop:

Pages:

221

Dimensions:

225 x 145 mm

Weight:

Contents: Preface; Contents of Introduction;: 1. Introduction; A General Appreciation of Kundakunda; Niyamsara; Non-Natural Modification; Ethico-Spiritual or Axiological Viewpoints; Why Jiva, etc.; Path to Salvation; Enlightened Knowledge; Necessity of Both Vyavahara and Nishchaya Charitra; Shuddha Upayoga; Path of Salvation; Different Conceptions of Salvation; Various Paths of Salvation; Misunderstandings in Regard to Niyamsara; 2. Summary and Remarks on Niyamsara; 3. Niyamsara: Text and Commentary; 4. Niyamsara in Prakrit; Index of Niyamsara Gathas; Index of Samayasara Gathas; Index.

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