Posted: 17.03.2007
 
So this is about the last page of this beautiful coffee table book. If you liked this free publication - please support the project by ordering one or more copies: ! Order the Book ! Thank You Dilip Surana Lothar Clermont Thomas Dix & Editors HereNow4U Female musician on the capital of the western sabha mandapa View of a torana and the dome of the western sabha-mandapa from west View across the northern...
Posted: 17.03.2007
 
The later history of Ranakpur Dome of the western meghanada-mandapa During the reign of Aurangzeb (1658-1707), Muslim armies advanced through Mewar and pillaged Ranakpur. In later centuries, famines decimated the population in the surrounding area. The temple, which in parts had collapsed, was abandoned and for a time it became a hideout for gangs of robbers. Pendentif in the centre of the dome of the southern...
Posted: 16.03.2007
 
At sixteen, Parsva undertook the greatest sacrifice and meditated standing in the forest. He was surrounded by an aura of peace. His brother, reborn as a low-level god due to the sustained asceticism, discovered him there and attacked him with all the supernatural powers at his disposal. However, a pair of snakes, the reincarnation of the two killed earlier by Kamatha, spread a gigantic hood over him as...
Posted: 15.03.2007
 
The next time Parsva renounced his throne when he discovered his first grey hair. As an ascetic, he gained such supernatural powers that all around him, land and living beings enjoyed happiness and harmony. As a result, when Kamatha now killed him, he was able to achieve the highest divine form of an Indra. Pillars in the northern meghanada-mandapa Parsva’s life cycle had reached maturation; in his fifth...
Posted: 14.03.2007
 
Subsequent cycles of birth are only as human being and god, since in the very next incarnation, as Prince Agnivega, he for the first time renounced the world and becomes an ascetic, i.e. he had already achieved a higher level of knowledge. This time too his brother, now reborn as a poisonous snake, killed him. Parsva rose to a higher sphere of divinity, whereas Kamatha fell into a lower one of hell. Relief on...
Posted: 13.03.2007
 
Parsva was reborn as an elephant as he had been conscious of regretting death in his previous life. For a long time, he roamed in the forest raging wildly, frightened pious ascetics, until he one day came face to face with his former king. The king had renounced the world and he immediately recognised in the elephant his former minister. He succeeded in calming the elephant and imparted religious instruction to...
Posted: 12.03.2007
 
Excursus: The Life of Parsva As mentioned earlier in the paragraph on Parsva in the chapter on Jainism, in all the previous incarnations of the Tirthankara there was in contrast to him a hostile and evil brother who personified the darker side of human existence: selfishness and a craving for power. The first time, Parsva was born as Marabhuti, the son of a minister. He succeeded his father to the office. His...
Posted: 07.03.2007
 
Stylised representations of the holy mountains are common to Jain temples. On P.74-75, the Shatrunjaya is shown divided almost like a case in which figures of Tirthankaras and shikharas (temple towers) have been arranged. On the southern side of the temple, there is a splendid relief of Parsva, the twenty-third ford maker; he is presented standing, flanked by two Jains and two female serpents carrying fans. A...
Posted: 06.03.2007
 
In the meghanada mandapa on the southern side, there are magnificent carvings on the ceiling. However, it requires much effort to distinguish figures among the highly decorative sculpture. (P. 24) shows a nag demon, a circular medallion, with Krishna in the midst of the tangled coils of intertwined naginis (female serpents). In the balana mandapa on the southern side, two reliefs are facing each other with a...
Posted: 05.03.2007
 
Among the innumerable figures, I would like to focus only on a few: semi-circular ‘carpets’ for purging the soul of hatred and anger are placed in front of thresholds embellished with apostrophic masks of demons (kirthimukhas). Besides those are the typical conches, the sound of these is regarded as holy and is similar to the syllable ‘OM’. If one enters the temple from the western side...

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