Posted: 19.05.2014
By Prof. Dr. Jeffery D. Long
Post Date: 17.12.2012 JAINISM TIMELINE Distant Past. According to Jain tradition, the first through the twenty-second Tirthankaras (twenty-four enlightened beings who emerge in the course of a cosmic cycle to teach the path to liberation) had enormous life spans and date back in time as far as several billion years. Each Tirthankara has a shorter life span than the previous one. The current series ends with...
Posted: 03.05.2012
By Dr. Tansukh J. Salgia
A Brief History of Jainism Compiled and edited by Dr. Tansukh J. Salgia, founding member and past President (1985-1989) of Federation of Jain Association in North America Jainism is the religion professed by the Jains, so called because they follow the path practiced and preached by the Jinas. The term is an English rendering of the original Jaina dharma or Jina dharma. German Jainologists, like, Leumann,...
Posted: 22.02.2012
By Felix Dr. Valyi
The study of Jainism has been neglected for a long time. It was considered to be an insignificant offshoot of Hinduism. In France only Guerinot dedicated his life to the analysis of the original sources of Jaina Philosophy. The Indologists of France were absorbed by the study of orthodox Brahmanism with a few exceptions, such as the great Burnouf, whose "Introduction to the History of Buddhism" is a classic,...
Posted: 03.02.2012
By Isha Gamlath
The sacred Jain canon is two-fold, consisting of 14 Purvas and 11 Angas. The former are now lost while the latter still remain. Apart from Purvas and Angas there were several methodical expositions written in Prakrit and Sanskrit in the form of drama, poetry and moral tales. The Jain canon is preserved in original ardhamagadhi language. Vardhmana Mahavira or Jina the victorious one and the last of Tirthankaras...
Posted: 23.12.2011
By Mohan Lal Mehta
Antiquity and History of Jainism Culture is that complex which includes knowledge, belief art, morals, rules, customs and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society. In other words, culture is the sum total of man's learned behaviour. The culture of the individual is mainly dependent on the culture of the society to which that individual belongs. Thus, the acquisition of culture is...
Posted: 18.10.2011
By Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangave
History of Jain Religion 1. Introduction Jainism is a religion propounded by Jina, one who has conquered the worldly passions and Jainas are the followers of Jina. According to the Jaina tradition, Lord Rsabhadeva was the first Jina of the present age who was born in very primitive times when people were illiterate and did not know any art. It is believed that Rsabhadeva was the first person to initiate the...
Posted: 15.07.2011
By Dr. Patrick Krueger, Editor Aparigraha Jain
Overview BCE 23 Tirthankaras ↓ -6 th Mahavira 24 th Tirtankara ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ 1 st Shvetambara Digambara Murtipujaka (Mandirmargi) Amurtipujaka (Sadhumargi) 2 nd 3 rd 4 th 5 th Yapaniya (5 th -14 th CE) Mula Sangh (c.430 CE) └► Nandi Gana 6 th 7 th Kashtha Sangh └► Nanditat Gaccha └► Mathura Sangh └► Bagada Gaccha └► Lata-bagada Gaccha 8 th 9 th └► Deshiya Gana (860 CE)...

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