Acharanga Bhasyam ► Chapter V — The Essence In The World ► Section — 4 ► Sūtras 71-74 : Bondage And Riddance Of Karma Particles

Posted: 23.02.2011

5.71 egayā guṇasamiyassa rīyato kāyasaṃphāsamaṇuciṇṇā egatiyā pāṇā uddayaṃti.

Sometimes, some insects may get injured or die coming in contact with the body of a monk, leading a life of self-restraint with complete self-awareness.

Bhāṣyaṃ Sūtra 71

A monk, possessed of the virtues of restrained movement, etc., sometimes, when on tour, is touched by living beings that consequently may be injured or meet death. Does the monk incur any bondage in such circumstances? In respect of this query, the complexity of karmic bondage is to be understood. There is no karmic bondage in the case of the monk who has reached the state of rock-like firmness of the soul, immediately before final liberation. In case of the monk who is free from attachment but is accompanied with activities, there is karmic bondage which is instantaneous, lasting for two time-units. In the case of completely vigilant restrained person, the duration of the karmic bondage is less than a muhūrtta (48 minutes) in the minimum, or eight muhūrttas in the maximum. In the case of a non-vigilant restrained person who is not inclined towards any kind of violent activity, there is karmic bondage of less than one muhūrtta in the minimum, or eight years in the maximum. Such bondage is worn off in that very life. This is stated explicitly in the next Sūtra -

5.72 ihaloga-veyaṇa-vejjāvaḍiyaṃ.

Such monk incurs karmic bondage which he exhausts in this very life.

Bhāṣyaṃ Sūtra 72

In the case of a monk who is observing the rules of movement completely in accord with the norm, and is self-restrained, though non-vigilant, ana has not any inclination to violent activity, if any creature is injured or meets death being touched by the body of the monk, there is karmic bondage which is exhausted in this life.[1] Such bondage, on account of its being of small duration, wears off in that very life.[2]

5.73 jaṃ āuṭṭikayaṃ kammaṃ, taṃ pariṇṇāe vivegameti.

The act done due to inclination towards violence or the resolve to harm is brought to an end by the power of comprehension.

Bhāṣyaṃ Sūtra 73

If an act due to inclination or due to the resolve to harm is done intentionally by the non-vigilant restrained monk, it is nullified or uprooted by comprehension or atonement.[3]

5.74 evaṃ se appamāeṇaṃ, vivegaṃ kiṭṭati veyavῑ.

The learned sage propounded the destruction of the karma by means of the practice of vigilance.

Bhāṣyaṃ Sūtra 74

Thus, the karma incurred due to non-vigilance is uprooted by means of vigilance (self-awareness). This is the opinion of the sages, conversant with the scriptures, as has been stated in the Sthānāṅga—"How can, O Lord! the misery be endured and eradicated?" Replied the Lord, "by means of vigilance."[4]

Footnotes:
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