Posted: 12.07.2016
By Prof. Dr. Johannes Bronkhorst
International Journal of Jaina Studies International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 12, No. 1 (2016) 1-10 Abstract Unlike the Buddhists, Jaina authors have contributed in an important manner to the history of mathematics in India. Unfortunately many of their texts have not survived, but what has survived allows us to form a good impression. The present paper concentrates on the way in which Jaina...
Posted: 13.07.2015
By Prof. Dr. John Cort
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 6, No. 5 (2010) 1-13 Abstract Toward the end of the Banārsī Vilās, the “collected works” of Banārsīdās (1586-1643) that was compiled by his colleague Jagjīvanrām in 1644, there is a curious seven-caupāī composition entitled Gorakhnāth ke Vacan, or “The Sayings of Gorakhnāth.” The text, which may or may not have been authored by...
Posted: 18.03.2015
By Dr. Marie-Hélène Gorisse
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 11, No. 3 (2015) 1-19 Abstract In the classical framework of Indian philosophy, the different schools of thought agree on the fact that the correctness of an inference relies on a special necessary relation standing between the evidence-property and the target-property. In this framework, there is a controversy between Buddhist and Jain philosophers...
Posted: 17.03.2015
By Dipak Jadhav
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 11, No. 2 (2015) 1-21 Abstract This paper brings the formula d = S ÷ n²k into light and discusses its various aspects including its context in Jaina philosophy. It was set forth and utilized by Nemicandra (c. 981) in the Gommaṭasāra (Karmakāṇḍa) in order to demonstrate the lower-thought-activity ( adhaḥ pravṛtta karaṇa ). The...
Posted: 04.03.2015
By Ruth Satinsky
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 11, No. 1 (2015) 1-24 Abstract Willibald Kirfel (1920/1990), in his major study of Indian cosmology, Die Kosmographie der Inder nach den Quellen dargestellt, compares the Brahmanical, Buddhist and Jaina cosmological systems, and concludes that the early Brahmanical cosmology forms the basis of the later cosmology found in the epics and Purāṇas, and...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Dr. Luitgard Soni
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 10, No. 2 (2014) 1-14 Abstract The article focuses on two modes of dying described in the Mūlārādhanā and illustrated by respective stories in the Bṛhat-Kathākośa: the death by renouncing food and drink and the death by killing oneself. Special reference is given to the telling of the stories in the process of 'assisted death' where the...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Shubha Majumder
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 10, No. 1 (2014) 1-32 Abstract Rāḍha, an important geo-cultural unit of ancient Bengal, was closely associated with the development of different religious traditions. Jainism, which is one of the ancient religions of India, has strong associations with the settlement parameters of this geo-cultural unit from a very early time. The present article...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Prof. Dr. Johannes Bronkhorst
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 9, No. 1 (2013) 1-11 Abstract Ājīvikism, a vanished Indian religion, has been admirably studied by A. L. Basham in his 1951 monograph. Since then, a renewed study of the existing evidence has led to an improved understanding of this religion. New evidence, moreover, has shown that this religion remained intellectually active and influential at least...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Paul Dundas
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 9, No. 2 (2013) 1-47 Abstract The Śvetāmbara teacher Hemacandra Maladhārin (eleventh-twelfth century) is often confused with his near contemporary Hemacandra Kalikālasarvajña. This paper analyses the sources describing his life and works and goes on to focus upon his Prakrit verse collection, the Upadeśamālā , and his autocommentary, the...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Dr. Ulrich Timme Kragh
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 9, No. 3 (2013) 1-53 Abstract The article critically discusses the underlying principles for the writing of literary history. It rejects a universalized model and proposes a new approach of "localized literary history" that is theoretically rooted in metahistorical concepts of "textory" and "sub-text". The method takes its starting point in local...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Fabien Schang
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 9, No. 4 (2013) 1-25 Abstract The Jain saptabhaṅgī is well-known for its general stance of non-one-sidedness. After a number of debates about the occurrence of contradictory sentences inside the so-called "Jain logic", three main theses are presented in the following: the saptabhaṅgī is a theory of judgment giving an exhaustive list of possible...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Prof. Dr. Phyllis Granoff
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 9, No. 5 (2013) 1-21 Abstract The Yuktiprabodha of the Śvetāmbara monk Meghavijaya engages the views of Bāṇārasīdās and the adhyātma movement on a number of issues. This paper explores their debate about whether or not it was appropriate to adorn images of the Jina. Bāṇārasīdās argued emphatically that adorning the image did violence to...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Prof. Dr. John Cort
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 9, No. 7 (2013) 1-50 Abstract The springtime festival of Holī has long posed a problem for Jains. Jain ideologues have criticized the celebration of Holī as contravening several key Jain ethical virtues. In response, Digambar Jain poets developed a genre of Holī songs that transformed the elements of Holī into a complex spiritual allegory, and...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Peter Friedlander
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 9, No. 6 (2013) 1-30 Abstract This article examines a rare, and possibly unique, manuscript which describes an encounter between Jain monks and Christian’s from an unknown denomination of Padres which took place in 1854 at an unidentified location either in Rājasthān or the Pañjāb or possibly in Agra. What makes this work so interesting is that...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Dr. Jayandra Soni
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 9, No. 8 (2013) 1-13 Abstract In dealing with the history of Jaina philosophical speculation after the age of the Āgamas, K. K. Dixit in his now well-known 1971 work Jaina Ontology (pp. 88-164) conveniently divides the specu­lations into three stages which he calls the “Ages of Logic”. It is Prabhācandra, one of the thinkers of the third stage...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Dr. Ellen Gough
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 8, No. 1 (2012) 1-47 Abstract While scholarship has paid little attention to Śaiva/Śākta and Jain interactions in the medieval period, Śaivas seem to have exerted great influence on Jain ritual culture, bringing lasting changes to Jain worship practices. This article discusses the historical development of two aspects of Jain ritual that may have...
Posted: 23.12.2014
By Elena Karatchkova
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 8, No. 2 (2012) 1-25 Abstract This paper analyzes an oral tradition (recorded during field research), which explains the circumstances of religious conversion of a temple in Āmber - the former capital of Jaipur kingdom in Rājasthān. The Śaiva temple, today referred to locally as “Saṅghī Jhūṅthārāmjī kā mandir”, was originally the Jain...
Posted: 15.03.2011
By Dr. Peter Flügel
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 7, No. 4 (2011) 1-37 Peter Flügel This article is an expanded version of the research report “New Developments in Aniconic Jaina Iconography” in Jaina Studies Vol. 5. Fieldwork in India was conducted in winter 2009/10 and in 2011 funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Fellowship AH/I002405/1. All photographs are the author’s, with...
Posted: 15.03.2011
By Kristi L. Wiley
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 7, No. 3 (2011) 1-26 Kristi L. Wiley An earlier version of this essay was presented at the 13 th World Sanskrit Conference in Edinburgh, July 2006. Abstract Various technical terms associated with the binding of karmic matter found in the Tattvārthasūtra have been incorporated into discussions of karma theory in survey texts on Jainism...
Posted: 27.02.2011
By Hawon Ku
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 7, No. 2 (2011) 1-22 Abstract Śatruñjaya, located in Gujarat, India, is one of the most significant pilgrimage sites for Śvetāmbara Jains, who comprise the majority of Jains in western India. However, only during the 19 th century the site acquired its current form, with more than 150 temples remaining on the site. The concentrated patronage during...
Posted: 06.02.2011
By Dr. McComas Taylor
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 7, No. 1 (2011) 1-17 Abstract For over a hundred years, it has been assumed that the collection of Sanskrit narrative fables known as Pūrṇabhadra’s Pañcatantra was a Jaina text. For the last thirty years or so, one could assume that because the redactor inhabited a specific epistemic community, the Jaina ‘thought-world’, that this was not...
Posted: 06.01.2011
By Frank Van Den Bossche
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 6, No. 6 (2010) 1-49 PDF, God, The Soul And The Creatrix Haribhadra Sūri On Ny Ya And S Ṃkhya Unlike his Ṣaḍdarśanasamuccaya (ṢDS) Haribhadra Sūri's Śāstravārtāsamuccaya (ŚVS) is not a compendium of philosophical systems ( darśana ) but a comprehensive account ( samuccaya ) of doctrinal ( śāstra ) expositions ( vār[t]tā ) or...
Posted: 30.12.2010
By Prof. Kim Plofker
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 6, No. 5 (2010) 1-13 Kim Plofker Department of Mathematics, Union College, Schenectady NY, USA. A version of this paper was delivered at the 9th Jaina Studies Workshop, “Jainism and Modernity” (22 March 2007, School of Oriental and African Studies, London). Abstract In the cross-fertilization between Islamic and traditional Indian exact...
Posted: 30.12.2010
By Lisa Owen
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 6, No. 4 (2010) 1-28 Lisa N. Owen I am grateful to Janice Leoshko, Robert del Bontà, and Peter Flügel for their advice and valuable insights on an earlier form of this paper that I presented at the 2008 Jaina Studies Workshop at SOAS. I would also like to thank Leslie Orr for her comments on this essay and for helping me to better understand the...
Posted: 30.10.2010
By Prof. Dr. Willem Bollée
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 6, No. 3 (2010) 1-4 Abstract The article is a review of Adelheid Mette’s second, substantially enlarged, edition of her work on the doctrine of the Jains, Durch Entsagung zum Heil (1991), on the basis of German translations from the main texts and commentaries. PDF, Review of Die Erlösungslehre der Jainas Adelheid Mette. Die Erlösungslehre...
Posted: 30.07.2010
By Prof. Dr. John Cort
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 6, No. 2 (2010) 1-45 John E. Cort An earlier version of this essay was presented at the 13th World Sanskrit Conference in Edinburgh, July 12, 2006. My thanks to Paul Dundas, Peter Flügel, Kristi Wiley, and J. B. Shah for their assistance. All translations are mine, unless noted otherwise.ons are mine, unless noted otherwise. In this essay I use the...
Posted: 24.05.2010
By Prof. Dr. Julia A.B. Hegewald
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 6, No. 1 (2010) 1-20 Julia A. B. Hegewald This paper was presented at the Jaina Studies Workshop entitled “Jaina Doctrines and Dialogues” at the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London, in 2004. Since submitting the manuscript of this article for publication to the editor for an edited book in 2004, an article examining...
Posted: 04.11.2009
By Paul Dundas
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 5, No. 3 (2009) 1-23 Abstract Image installation ( pratiṣṭhā ), a central ritual of Jainism, of necessity requires the cooperative participation of monk and layman. The twelfth century Śvetāmbara teacher Candraprabhasūri, credited with initiating the Paurṇamīyaka Gaccha, apparently criticised the role of the monk in empowering an image of a...
Posted: 13.08.2009
By Dr. Max Deeg, Prof. Dr. Iain Gardner
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 5, No. 2 (2009) 1-30 PDF, Indian Influence on Mani Reconsidered: The Case of Jainism In 2005 Iain Gardner published an article with the title: "Some comments on Mani and Indian religions according to the Coptic Kephalaia ". The most important reference point for the following paper is that he argued that some of the terms found in the Coptic text (...
Posted: 13.04.2009
By Prof. Dr. John Cort
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 5, No. 1 (2009) 1-33 John E. Cort The author thanks Surendra Bothara, Paul Dundas, Phyllis Granoff and Mahopādhyāya Vinayasāgara for assistance in this essay. Abstract The Līlāvatīsāra was composed in 1285 C.E. by the Kharatara Gaccha monk and author Jinaratnasūri. It presents a nested set of tales that trace the effects of karma over...
Posted: 13.11.2008
By Prof. Dr. Willem Bollée
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 4, No. 3 (2008) 1-53 Abstract Robert H.B. Williams (1915-1975) to whom we owe the standard manual for the study of con­duct of Jain laypeople had an eye problem which may have prevented him from preparing the necessary subject index to his Jain Yoga . As the three-hundred page book is often consulted it was thought fit to fill the gap in the hope that...
Posted: 05.11.2008
 
On The Unintended Influence Of Jainism On The Development Of Caste In Post-Classical Tamil Society Author : Sudalaimuthu Palaniappan Year : 2008 International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 4, No. 2 (2008) 1-65 Full text (pdf) Worlds in Conflict, The Cosmopolitan Vision of Yaśovijaya Gaṇi Author : Jonardon Ganeri Year : 2008 International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 4, No. 1 (2008) 1-11...
Posted: 31.07.2008
By Dr. Sudalaimuthu Palaniappan
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 4, No. 2 (2008) 1-65 Abstract Tamil nationalist scholars have held that the early Tamil society was casteless. But, they have not been able to explain away the occurrence of words such as pulaiyaṉ , iḻipiṟappiṉōṉ , iḻipiṟappāḷaṉ , and iḻiciṉaṉ, which are traditionally interpreted as low-born persons in classical Tamil...
Posted: 31.03.2008
By Dr. Jonardon Ganeri
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 4, No. 1 (2008) 1-11 Abstract The Jaina philosopher Yaśovijaya Gaṇi (c.1608-1688 CE) lived during a period of exceptional socio-philosophical interest, one in which the world of traditional Sanskrit discourse found itself in an encounter with the new intellectual world of the Mughal empire. One might well imagine how these circumstances would...
Posted: 31.12.2007
By Diwakar Acharya
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 3, No. 6 (2007) 1-10 Abstract This paper reports the author's discovery of the original Paṇhavāyaraṇa/ Praśnavyākaraṇa together with a fairly old Sanskrit commentary. It describes the unique palm-leaf manuscript and its paper transcript both preserved in the National Archives of Nepal. The original text of the Praśnavyākaraṇa was lost...
Posted: 31.12.2007
By Dr. Shin Fujinaga
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 3, No. 5 (2007) 1-11 Abstract Pūjyapāda is the first Digambara philosopher that wrote a commentary on the Tattvārthasūtra. In that commentary titled as Sarvārthasiddhi he quotes many sentences from many works. Their analysis leads to the conclusion that Pūjyapāda may have had some tendency to harmonize Digambara and Śvetāmbara concepts...
Posted: 31.12.2007
By Dr. Peter Flügel
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 3, No. 4 (2007) 1-15 Abstract The nineteenth century English neologism ‘Jaina law’ is a product of colonial legal intervention in India from 1772 onwards. 'Jaina law' suggests uniformity where in reality there is a plurality of scriptures, ethical and legal codes, and customs of sect, caste, family and region. The contested semantics of the term...
Posted: 28.12.2007
By Dr, Jean-Pierre Osier
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 3, No. 3 (2007) 1-12 PDF, Blind Faith According To The Jainas: The Yama Case ante matiḥ, sā gatiḥ According to this pan-Indian maxim, there is a connexion between the last thought or thoughts of the dying and their fate in the next life. Hence, it is necessary to help the dying during this essential moment. Ritualising death is the best way to...
Posted: 23.12.2007
By Prof. Dr. Willem Bollée
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 3, No. 2 (2007) 1-60 Abstract Jain studies have so far concentrated on Śvetāmbara texts because those of the Digambaras were hardly available. The late professor Upadhye, to whom this contribution is dedicated, has done much to change this disparity which enabled the present author to edit, translate and comment from an important 9 th century text,...
Posted: 13.07.2007
By Prof. Dr. Willem Bollée
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 3, No. 1 (2007) 1-25 Abstract Balbir’s Āvaśyaka-Studien, Introduction Générale et Traduction is a valuable manual on a most important text of the Śvetāmbara Jains. In order to make this book usable a necessary subject index was made of it. PDF, Subject Index Of The Inventory Of The Stories In N. Balbir’s Āvaśyaka Studien (Nalini...
Posted: 31.12.2006
By W.J. Johnson
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 2, No. 4 (2006) 1-18 Abstract This article argues that the common conviction that Jaina ethical precepts are applicable to all people, in all circumstances, at all times, is based on a confusion. Through a consideration of such common Jaina practices as pūjā (worship), it shows that, in terms of its soteriological consequences, what is regarded as...
Posted: 31.12.2006
By Dr. Kornelius Krümpelmann
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 2, No. 2 (2006) 1-13 Abstract Every text which was included into the canon of the Śvetāmbara Jainas during the council at Valabhī in the fifth century AD deserves our attention. The contents of the Sthānāṅga, which comprises 783 sūtras, are distributed over ten chapters. Not only all the main subjects of the Jaina religion in its broader sense...
Posted: 30.10.2006
By Dr. Peter Flügel
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 2, No. 3 (2006) 1-8 Abstract Review article of the work Essays in Jaina Philosophy and Religion, edited by Piotr Balcerowicz of the University of Warsaw, published in 2003 in Delhi by Motilal Banarsidas, containing articles by N. Balbir, P. Balceroxicz, J. Bronkhorst, C. Caillat, J. Cort, C. Emmrich, P. Granoff, Muni Jambuvijaya, A. Mette, J. Soni, L...
Posted: 13.07.2006
By Prof. Dr. Willem Bollée
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 2, No. 1 (2006) 1-3 Abstract The review of Kundkund’s book Barasa Anuvekkha (Twelve Contemplations) deals with a free reprint of a Śaurasenī text which is a rarity. The reviewer’s remarks aim at providing some material for a new edition. PDF, Review Of Acharya Kundkund: Barasa Anuvekkha M. K. Dharma Rāja (ed.) Acharya Kundkund, Barasa...
Posted: 17.12.2005
By Dr. Peter Flügel
International Journal of Jaina Studies (Online) Vol. 1, No. 1 (2005) 1-14 Abstract The article provides a short summary of the institutional history of the new field of 'Jain Studies' in its historical and political context. It shows that the Sanskrit term 'Jaina' used as a self-designation (rather than as the designation of a doctrine or in the sense of 'pertaining to the Jina') is based on the...

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