Posted: 06.09.2012
By Pravin K. Shah
Introduction The discussion about the Samvatsari Day and Jain Calendar is always a very sensitive issue. It requires careful research and interpretation. The article presented here is not to hurt any Jain sect or its practices but to explore the subject objectively. Almost every year when we celebrate Paryushan and Samvatsari day, there is some confusion and disagreement on what day to observe Samvatsari day...
Posted: 23.07.2012
By Indrajeet Mohanty
Orissa has allured almost all the religious cults and sects right from her hoary past, whether for her tribal majority or her affluent mercantile base or her spirit of assimilation, is really, exactly not known. The earliest of the off-shoots of Brahmanism, Jainism made its presence felt in the state as early as the 7th century B.C. Excepting for one historical phase during the reign of Mahameghavahana King...
Posted: 24.02.2012
By Mohan Lal Mehta
Hemacandra's Works Hemacandra was the most versatile and prolific Jaina writer of Sanskrit. Since he composed works in the most varied domains, he was called 'the Omniscient of the Kali Age (Kalikālasarvaj ñ a). He was born in 1089 A.D. and died in 1172 A.D. He belonged to the Śvetāmbara sect. His patrons were the Caulukya kings Jayasi ṁ ha (Siddharāja) and Kumārapāla of Gujarat. The...
Posted: 23.02.2012
By Mohan Lal Mehta
Tattvarthadhigama Sutra Umāsvāmin or Umāsvāti is the author of the Tattv ā rth ā dhigama Sūtra or Tattvārtha Sūtra, the first Sanskrit work on Jaina philosophy. He lived in an early century of the Christian era. The Tattvārtha Sūtra is a manual for the understanding of the true nature of things. It is recognised as an authority by both the Śvetāmbaras and the Digambaras. It deals with Jaina logic,...
Posted: 22.02.2012
By Mohan Lal Mehta
Canonical Commentaries The canonical texts are variously explained by different authors in different times. These explanations or commentaries are mainly of four categories: Niryuktis, Bhāṣyas, Cūrṇis and V ṛ ttis. The Niryuktis and the Bhāṣyas are in verse, whereas the Cūrṇis and the Vṛttis are in prose. The Niryukti commentaries are composed by Preceptor Bhadrabāhu (5th century A.D.) who is...
Posted: 21.02.2012
By Mohan Lal Mehta
Mulasutras Two explanations are offered for the term 'Mūlasūtra'. Some scholars are of the opinion that the term 'Mūlasūtra' means the original text, i. e., the text containing the original words of Lord Mahāvīra as received directly from his mouth. Some are of the view that the Mūlasūtras are the fundamental texts intended for those who are at the beginning of their spiritual career. The following...
Posted: 20.02.2012
By Mohan Lal Mehta
Preface Jaina literature is a vast field and the cultural material hidden in it is of immense importance. The canon forms the earliest Jaina literature. The Jaina canon as a source of cultural history is not less significant than the Buddhist and Vedic literatures. The essence of the Jaina canon lies in the teachings of Lord Mahāvīra. The Aṅga texts form the nucleus of the entire canon. Canonical Texts The...
Posted: 14.02.2012
By G.V. Prof. Dr. Subrahmanyam
The first mention of Andhras is found in the Aitereya Brahmana. Clear sources for Andhra history are traced from the Satavahana Period, i.e. 2nd or 3rd Century B.C. From then on the identity of a composite Andhra culture seems to have emerged under the influence of several streams of tradition from time to time. Buddhism, Jainism, Veera Saivism, Vaishnavism and Vedic culture contributed to this evolution in...
Posted: 27.12.2011
 
Nandishwar Dwip The 'continent of rejoicing', where the gods come together to celebrate festivities, is the eighth dwip. At the four cardinal points stand the four mountains of antimony (anjana) which are crowned by sanctuaries of the Siddhas. Additionally, there is one Anjanagiri mountain in the centre of this Dwip. To the east is Dev Raman, to the south is Nityadyoth, to the west is Swyam prabh and to the...
Posted: 27.12.2011
 
Meru Mountain The whole wide universe is seen by the knowledge of omni-knowledge. There is a Tircha Lok within it. The road leading to it is both long and wide. The height is 1800 y ojans, of which 900 y ojans are on flat land, while the other 900 y ojans are on height. In this 900 yojans the last 110 Yojans contain a jyotis circle, where the Jyotishi g ods abode. The aircrafts of these gods move around the...

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