Posted: 07.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
Figures: Fig. 1: Kṛṣṇa and Arjuna watching the fight between Bhīma and Jarāsandha (Documentation No. 1); Photograph: Berlin Museum of Indian Art. Fig. 2: Kṛṣṇa lifting up Mt. Govardhana. Daśāvatāra Cave at Ellora (Documentation No. 35); Photograph: G. v. Mitterwallner. Fig. 3: Kṛṣṇa scenes on a pillar of the Mallikārjuna temple at Pattadakal (Documentation No. 38). Medaillon:...
Posted: 06.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 5. Documentation (K ṛṣṇ a) With the exception of the last section, the following documentation covers selected motifs from the larger field of Kṛṣṇa iconography. Specimens later than ca. 900 A.D. have - as a rule - not been included. § 5.1 Post-Kaṃsavadha Panels [Here and in other parts of the Documentation we use the oblique to separate the place of provenance from the collection where the...
Posted: 05.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 3. Classification in Kṛṣṇa Iconography The simplest classification is always the safest classification. Divisions showing considerable depth produce more problems than Divisions with minimal depth (two to three planes), complex features (true divisions) are less precise than features concerning details (pseudo-divisions). More often than not, true divisions are inaccurate because there is no...
Posted: 04.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 2. Classification in Viṣṇu Iconography Viṣṇu iconography shows a remarkable lack of uniformity. Not in the general sense that the "great gods" have always "many forms", but in the more specific sense that Viṣṇu iconography does not form a well defined area within the larger field of Hindu iconography. Before supplying a structural analysis of the Kṛṣṇa iconography we shall, therefore, try...
Posted: 01.06.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
(i) Minimal differentiation. This consists of three elements: attending goddess, attending god, symbol. All the three motifs differ from Jina to Jina (the total being 72). However, this pattern developed in stages, and even when it had reached its last phase, the three motifs did not play a very prominent part. (ii) Additional differentiation (additional, i.e. differing from the triple pattern according to...
Posted: 31.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
§ 1.3 Divisions In the preceding discussion, the word "division" was used in the sense of a specific unit (value, class). It can, however, also be employed to designate the process of forming classes etc., and in this latter meaning (which is under consideration in the present section) we shall write the word invariably in capital letters. The term Division will cover at the same time the structure in its...
Posted: 30.05.2012
By Prof. Dr. Klaus Bruhn
The paper was published in the volume German Scholars on India - Contributions to Indian Studies Vol. II, Bombay: Nachiketa Publications Limited, 1976, pp. 26-50. Classification in Indian Iconography While going through the pages that follow, the reader will not only experience the general difficulties caused by all discussions of an abstract nature. He will also be faced with a more basic problem. The reader...

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