Bhagavan Mahavira Life and Philosophy ► 04 ► [04.02] First Sermon: The Fourfold Path

Posted: 10.08.2005

Chapter 4

Kaivalya (Omniscience) And The Bhagavan's Sermons


fter he had attained kaivalya Bhagavan Mahavira in the first sermon [1] explained the fourfold path of self-realisation:

1

Samyak darsana

Spiritual experience of Reality or Faith in Truth,

2

Samyak jnana

Knowledge of Reality,

3

Samyak caritra

Spiritual Discipline, and

4

Samyak tapa

The washing off of the effects of accumulated karmas through right austerities.

The world consists of two types of basic substances:

soul and non-soul.

A soul or atma bound by a body is called jiva or an embodied soul.

A free or a disembodied soul is called Paramatma (Perfect Soul).

That which causes transformation of the soul into the perfect soul
is called dharma or religion.

[1]

There are two traditional views about the first sermon.

  • According to the first view, Bhagavan Mahavira delivered his first sermon at Vipulacala. King Srenika and Queen Chelana were present there to hear the sermon.
  • According to the second view, Bhagavan Mahavira delivered the first sermon at the very spot where he had attained kaivalya. Only the heavenly beings were present then; there was no human being and therefore nobody took the major or the minor vows.

 

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