Science In Jainism ► 01 ► [01.02] Science In Jainism - Philosophy

Posted: 20.01.2007

2. Philosophy

Jain Philosophy is rooted in the doctrine of non-absolutism i.e. Anekant which implies that real truth is complex and may be explained and examined from divergent viewpoints. Each point of view gives a picture of the real, which is true, but only partially true. Jains give respect to all aspects and views as equally true. Therefore, Jains exhibit tolerance to other faiths to the extent that even Non-Jains can liberate the soul from karma by practising righteousness proper. Any person irrespective of language religion or physical attributes can follow the path of righteousness proper to find peace and happiness and in doing so contribute to the well being of all life in the world.

The concepts of Einstein's theory of relativity and Heisenberg’s theory of uncertainty are in tune with the Jain doctrine of Anekant. In reality non-absolutism strengthens the freedom of thought of every individual. It presents a viewpoint of intellectual understanding and tolerance. Jain Ethics does not allow killing any other creature, deliberately. The Jains sacred duty is to generate compassion for other human beings. The principles of good conduct make the Jains ideal citizens in a troubled world. The Jains give a lot of emphasis to non-possession of things i.e. unwanted and unnecessary hoarding of things to avoid the rivalry between have-not's and have's.

The late Acharya Shri Tulsi propagated the Anuvrat movement, which discourages the aggressive and possessive urge in man. Basically the concept of Anuvrat implies the minimization of violence by way of inculcating right thought and practicing right action. An Anuvrati therefore keeps control over these two unpardonable sins i.e. violent nature and hoarding nature.

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