10.03.01 ►Relationship between the Naya and Pramana Types of Knowledge

Posted: 26.06.2018
If reality is not completely comprehended by the naya or by some of the pramanas, the question of their validity needs consideration. What kind of validity would the Jaina like to assign to these partial comprehensions? We have seen that the determination of partial comprehensions is also based on something ontologically true in the structure of the objects. The pramanas that fail to comprehend reality as a...

10.03 ►The Pramana Type of Knowledge and its Essential Nature

Posted: 25.06.2018
Pramana is a valid organ of knowledge: That cognition, through which determination of itself and others is made That cognition, through which right determination of the object is made A limb of logic ( naya ); that valid cognition, which is without doubt and contradiction. Naya is not the only form of knowledge. "Knowledge is accomplished," says Umasvati, "by means of pramanas and nayas ." Generally, we come...

10.02 ►Naya (Non-absolutist Standpoint)

Posted: 24.06.2018
Knowledge is acquired from two sources: sensuous consciousness and transcendental consciousness. Thinking is related to sensuous consciousness; in transcendental consciousness there is vision and introspection but no thinking. According to Jain doctrines, the knowledge gained from sensuous consciousness is only a partial knowledge of a substance. A person that possesses sensory consciousness only knows a part...

Prakrit International Conference (PIC) ► Inaugural session ► Keynote address

Posted: 14.05.2018
By Prof. Dr. Nalini Balbir
namo daṃsaṇassa, namo nāṇassa, namo cārittassa Jay Jinendra Hon'ble Minister Anantakumarji, respected guests, ladies and gentlemen, Today, despite our specificities or differences, we are all assembled here, in Shravanabelgola, because we are united through one bond: our concern for Prakrit in its diverse manifestations. Organizing a Prakrit International Conference is far from obvious, whether in India...

Pṛthaktva Anuyoga

Posted: 04.04.2018
By Prof. Dr. Nalini Balbir
A system of exposition of Anuyoga (2) (system of exposition), according to which the classification of Dravyānuyoga (ontological exposition) etc. is made; in which it is not compulsory to explain according to the Naya (non-absolutistic standpoint) system. apuhatte aṇuogo cattāri duvāra bhāsaī ego. puhattāṇuogakaraṇe te ya tao vi vocchinnā... ...jugamāsajja vibhatto aṇuogo to kao cauhā.....

Paryava Naya

Posted: 20.03.2018
By Prof. Dr. Nalini Balbir
Standpoint qua mode- The second type of fundamental Naya (non-absolutistic standpoint); that intended purpose of the knower, which, by subordinating the Dravya (substance), appre­hends the Paryāya (mode); through it, only the aspect of modes in the form of origination and cessation are taken into account (ignoring the aspect of permanence). uppajjaīṃti niyaṃti ya bhāvā niyameṇa pajjavaṇayassa. ( Sa...

Parasaṃgraha Naya

Posted: 14.03.2018
By Prof. Dr. Nalini Balbir
A type of Saṃgraha Naya (non-absolutistic standpoint through synthetic approach); the higher synthetic approach which takes cognizance of the (existence as such) by ignoring the particular; e.g.-the universe is one (entity) (being inseparable from existence). aśeṣaviśeṣeṣvaudāsīnyaṃ bhajamānaḥ śuddhadravyaṃ sanmātramabhimanyamānaḥ parasaṃgrahaḥ. (Pranata 7.15)

Kanji Swami

Posted: 21.01.2018
By Prof. Dr. Nalini Balbir
Kanji Swami was a Jain scholar, philosopher and spiritual leader. He was the founder of the Kanji Panth within the Digambar Jain tradition. He significantly influenced the practice of swadhyaya (study of texts) among the Jain laity. He was initiated as a Sthanakvasi Jain monk at age 24. He discovered the works of Pandit Todarmal and Samayasar of Acharya Kundakunda in 1932 which influenced him deeply. In 1934 he...

07.12.2017 ►Acharya Shri VidyaSagar Ji Maharaj ke bhakt ►News

Posted: 07.12.2017
Update What is the meaning of SYADVADA? Syadvada is the most significant contribution of Jainism to the human society. The term ‘Syat’ means relatively probable and ‘Vada’ means Ism or method of presentation. Thus Syadavda literally means the method of examining different probabilities. Everyone knows that lot of disputes arise on account of difference of opinions. People generally believe that...

Nāth And Dādūpanthī Critique Of Jains

Posted: 07.11.2017
By Monika Horstmann
1. Critique of Jains in vernacular religious literature In northern Indian vernacular literature of the early modern period ideological difference and rivalry between religious groups were articulated in a number of literary forms. Especially three of these come to mind, namely, debate on doctrinal differences, hagiography, and blame. While the various forms may blend, they are usually distinguishable as trends...