critical thinking vs problem solving term paper cover page university of pittsburgh essay nursing essay writing services uk submit creative writing marketing aspect of business plan business research dissertation proposal five paragraph essay writing

sex movies

سكس عربي

arabic sex movies

سكس

maturetube

سكس xxx

The Predicament of Women in Ancient India: [02] Putrika As A Substitute For A Son

Published: 15.05.2008
Updated: 01.10.2008

Complexities of kinship relation surface in the putrika concept. If a father has no son, a daughter may be a substitute for a real son, mainly in connection with ancestor worship. But, naturally, it was always safer to have a true son.

Putra means son, and putrika is the daughter who technically replaces a missing son. The "daughter herself is considered a son." "The dilemma in which the son-in-law [husband of the putrika] found himself could be resolved by having the putrika-putra [son of the putrika] perform the shraddha [daily offering for the benefit of dead relatives] for both his own father and his maternal grandfather." The putrika-putra was "continuing two separate lineages" (SCHMIDT 39-40). -- For the putrika the construction had probably more disadvantages than advantages. See SCHMIDT 33 on "the predicament faced by the brotherless daughter." SCHMIDT 38: "The aversion to marrying a brotherless maiden was motivated by the fear that the bride's father would claim the future son and leave the bridegroom with the prospect of remaining without a son of his own who would continue his lineage and offer the ancestor worship." -- Was there a rite to inform the public that a girl was henceforth considered a putrika? -- The putrika (putrika-putra) custom disappeared when the kalivarjya rules came out.

JOLLY 72 and 73; KAPADIA 234-235; KANE 435-436; SCHMIDT 30-75; SYED To 165.

Sources
Title Photo Background:
Picture Credits: ASW - Aktionsgemeinschaft Solidarische Welt e.V., BERLIN.  http://www.aswnet.de/

Share this page on:
Page glossary
Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Fear
  2. Shraddha
Page statistics
This page has been viewed 1479 times.
© 1997-2022 HereNow4U, Version 4.5
Home
About
Contact us
Disclaimer
Social Networking

HN4U Deutsche Version
Today's Counter: