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The Predicament of Women in Ancient India: General Bibliography

Published: 23.06.2008
Updated: 02.07.2015

§§ 16-17: German quotations have been translated into English.
All underlinings in the text are ours

A.S.Altekar, The Position of Women in Hindu Civilization. Delhi, Patna, Varanasi 1936. [3rd ed. 1962.]

F.Apffel Marglin, Wives of the God-King. The Rituals of the Devadasis of Puri. Oxford University Press. 1985.

J.Brockington, The Sanskrit Epics. Brill 1998. [See also Bailey et al. in the Specialized Bibliography.]

M.Chandra, The World of Courtesans. Vikas Publishing House 1973.

M.A.Chen In, Widows in India. Sage Publications 1998.

M.A.Chen Ru, Perpetual Mourning. Widowhood in Rural India. Oxford University Press 2000.

V.N.Datta Sa, Sati. Widow Burning in India. New Delhi 1988.

J. Fisch, Tödliche Rituale. Die indische Witwenverbrennung und andere Formen der Totenfolge. Frankfurt/Main 1998. [Comprehensive bibliography on widow burning on pp.525-548.]

R.Garbe, Beiträge zur indischen Kulturgeschichte. Berlin 1903: 141-182.

T.Goudriaan. 1979, Hindu Tantrism, E.J.Brill, Handbuch der Orientalistik.

T.Goudriaan 1981, Hindu Tantric and Sakta Literature. Wiesbaden. Handbuch der Orientalistik.

J.S.Hawley, Sati, the Blessing and the Curse. The Burning of Wives in India. Oxford University Press 1994. Introduction and Afterword. [See Dehejia, Figueira, Harlan, Lewis, Nandy and Oldenburg in our Specialized Bibliography.]

J.Jolly, Recht und Sitte. Strassburg 1896. [Engl. Transl.: Hindu Law and Custom, Calcutta 1928, a reprint is a desideratum.]

P.V. Kane, History of Dharmasastra. Poona. I-V. We always quote from II.I and II.II (2nd ed.) 1974. -- List of subjects in Hdh II which have direct connection with our study: II.I. 2nd ed., Poona 1974: varna (19-104); ritual (188-267); upanayana (268-415); asramas (416-426); Marriage (427-541); polygamy et alia (550-582); duties of a widow (583-598); niyoga (599-607); remarriage of widows (608-623); sati (624-636); prostitution (637-639). II.II. 2nd.ed., Poona 1974: sexual intercourse, woman in her menses (802-805); women ascetics (945-946); women and horse-sacrifice (1234-1235).

III. Poona 1946: punishment for adultery etc., "women not to be killed" (401-402); punishment for rape etc. (531-537); different kinds of sons (641-661); adoption (662-699); order of succession after the son 700-769 (701-713: rights of the wife/the wives as heirs); stridhana or woman's property (770-816; 803-815 maintenance, including maintenance of concubines); conflict of Smritis (866-874); kalivarjya actions forbidden in the Kali Age 885-968 (886 "progressive deterioration in morals"; 885-926: yuga doctrine; 930-967: 55 kalivarjyas). The 55 kalivarjyas are different from the list in KANE Ka. -- V.II. Poona 1962: Tantrism (1031-1151).

R.P.Kangle, The Kautiliya Arthasastra, Part III. Bombay 1965.

K.M.Kapadia, Marriage and Family in India. 1955. 3rd ed. Oxford University Press. Bombay 1966.

I.Karve, Kinship Organization in India. 1953. Second revised edition: Asia Publishing House 1965.

I.J.Leslie, The Perfect Wife, The Orthodox Hindu Woman according to the Stridharmapaddhati of. Tryambakayajvan. Oxford University Press, Delhi. 1989. [Several editions.]

Manu Smriti: See → Burnell and → Olivelle for translations. [We quote from Olivelle if not mentioned otherwise.]

J.J.Meyer We, Das Weib im altindischen Epos. Leipzig 1915. [Engl.Transl:. Sexual Life in Ancient India. Delhi 1930.]

S.Narasimhan, Sati. Widow Burning in India. Penguin Books India 1990.

P.Olivelle, Manu's Code of Law. Oxford University Press 2005.

R.Syed To, "Ein Unglück ist die Tochter." Zur Diskriminierung des Mädchens im alten und heutigen Indien. Wiesbaden 2001. [A daughter is a misfortune. The discrimination of girls in ancient and modern India.]

P.Thieme, "'Jungfrauengatte'" [Reprint in:] Glasenapp-Stiftung 5,1-2: Paul Thieme, Kleine Schriften. Wiesbaden 1971: 426-513.

M.Winternitz, Die Frau in den indischen Religionen. Leipzig 1920. [S.1-121].

Th.Zachariae, "Zur indischen Witwenverbrennung." [Reprint in:] Glasenapp-Stiftung 12,1-2: [ed. C.VOGEL:] Theodor Zachariae, Opera Minora. Wiesbaden 1977: 545-599.

H.Zimmer Al [Zimmer senior], Altindisches Leben. Die Cultur der vedischen Arier. Berlin 1879.

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Picture Credits: ASW - Aktionsgemeinschaft Solidarische Welt e.V., BERLIN.

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