Patanjali Yoga Sutras: Sutra 10-14

Published: 30.11.2015

10. तासाभ अनाणदत्व् ंचाणशषो णनत्यत्वात ॥१०॥्

tāsām-anāditvaṁ cāśiṣo nityatvāt ||10||

Thirst for happiness being eternal, desires are without beginning.

All experience is preceded by desire for becoming happy. There was no beginning of experience, as each fresh experience is built upon the tendency generated by past experience; therefore desire is without beginning.

11. हतेपराश्रमारम्बनु्ै संगहीतत्वादृ ्एषाभ अबाव् ेतदबाव् ॥११॥

hetu-phala-āśraya-ālambanaiḥ-saṁgṛhītatvāt-eṣām-abhāve-tad-abhāvaḥ ||11||

Being held together by cause, effect, support, and objects, in the absence of these is its absence.

These desires are held together by cause and effect; if a desire has been raised it does not die without producing its effect. Then again, the mind-stuff is the great storehouse, the support of all past desires, reduced to Samskara form; until they have worked themselves out they will not die. Moreover, so long as the senses receive the external objects fresh desires will arise. If it be possible to get rid of these, then alone desires will vanish.

12. अतीतानागतंस्वूऩतोऽस्त्यध्वबदादे ्धभािाभय ॥१२॥्

atīta-anāgataṁ svarūpato-'sti-adhvabhedād dharmāṇām ||12||

The past and future exist in their own nature, qualities having different ways.

13. त ेव्यिसक्ष्माू गिात्मान्ु ॥१३॥

te vyakta-sūkṣmāḥ guṇa-atmānaḥ ||13||

They are manifested or fine, being of the nature of the Gunas.

The Gunas are the three substances, Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas, whose gross state is the sensible universe. Past and future arise from the different modes of manifestation of these Gunas.

14. ऩणयिाभैकत्वाद ्वस्ततत्त्वभु ॥१४॥्

pariṇāma-ikatvāt vastu-tattvam ||14||

The unity in things is from the unity in changes. Though there are three substances their changes being co-ordinated all objects have their unity.

Sources
Patanjali Yoga Sutras Edition: 1896

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Gunas
  2. Rajas
  3. Samskara
  4. Sattva
  5. Tamas
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