Posted: 21.04.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
The influx of karma is caused by the activities of the mind, body and speech and by the passions. Karma is broadly of two types: auspicious and inauspicious. Auspicious karma that produces feelings of pleasure and the like is called merit ( punya ). The good act of offering food to monks is meritorious; similarly, the offering of drink, shelter, bed, clothes, meritorious thought, words and physical activities,...
Posted: 20.04.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
States of Karma Karmas experience the transformation of their state through the activities of beings. These transformations can be favourable or unfavourable, depending upon the efforts made. This is the principle by which a soul can make spiritual progress. There are ten states of karma: 1. Bandha (Bound Karma). This refers to karma in a bound state. Only impure souls have bound karma; pure souls are free of...
Posted: 19.04.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
The following are the proportions into which the incoming varganas are divided at any instant and also the proportions of the total karmas present at any stage of the soul. Feeling-producing karma has the highest proportion among the karmas. The next highest is deluding karma. Next in order are intelligence-obscuring, awareness-obscuring and vitality-obscuring karma, which have about equal proportions...
Posted: 18.04.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
The eight main types of karma are further divided into subtypes; the total number of subtypes is 148. The names written in bold are merit-inducing karmas. Each subtype also varies, allowing for variation in the degree of the manifestation of the property of the soul it obscures. Thus, the total number of karma types is indeed very large. Each type of karma presumably maintains its identity by having a distinct...
Posted: 17.04.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Jain philosophy describes eight main properties or attributes of the soul. Accordingly, there are eight main types of karma that obscure these natural properties. Intelligence (or the power of cognition)-obscuring ( Jnanavaraniya ) karma. A pure soul has infinite intelligence; karma obscures and limits the pure and perfect intelligence of the soul. Intelligence is conceptual consciousness and is determinate...
Posted: 16.04.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
There are four properties of karma bonds. These properties describe the way in which the karma system works. 1. Numerical strength of the bond ( Pradesabandha ). A numerable, innumerable or infinite number of karma varganas may bond to each pradesa of the karma body and to each soul pradesa, depending on the strength of an action. If the strength of the action is low, a smaller number of karmas will bond with...
Posted: 15.04.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
A living being is always engaged in some kind of activity, which may be undertaken by the body, speech, mind or some combination of the three. These actions and their accompanying passions induce vibrations in the soul ( bhava karma). The nature of this vibration depends on the type of action, and the magnitude of the vibration depends on the degree of passion. Two things happen due to vibrations in the soul...
Posted: 14.04.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
There are two types of karma: bhava karma and dravya karma. As described in Chapter 1, bhava karma is the impurity of the soul or impure consciousness and is non-physical. Bhava karma constitutes ignorance, feelings of attachment and aversion, wrong faith, etc. in the mundane soul. Bhava karmas are present on every pradesa of the soul. These karmas are the impressions of the actions of the soul and exist as...
Posted: 13.04.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
All religions and cultures believe that a person reaps good fruits for his good deeds and suffers in some way for his bad deeds. How does this happen? Can we know the process responsible for it? The answer to these questions is yes. In this chapter we shall attempt to understand this process, known as the Doctrine of Karma, which is the central theme of the Jain religion. All Indian philosophies that believe in...

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