Posted: 13.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Text References Aadimati, Aryika, Commentary, " Gommatsara (Karmakanda)", Acharya Nemichandra Siddhanta Chakravarti, 1980 Amritchandra, Acharya, " Atmakhyati ", Commentary on Samayasara Balchandra Shastri, Pt., " Shatkhandagam Parishilan ", Bhartiya Jnanapith, 1999 Beck, F., " Quantum brain dynamics and consciousness ". In The Physical Nature of Consciousness , ed. by P. van Loocke, Benjamins, Amsterdam, 2001...
Posted: 12.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Dr. N. L. Kachhara, 2007 Entropy, Wikipedia Entropy (order and disorder), Wikipedia What Is Life? Wikipedia K. G. Denbigh Magnetic Refrigeration, Wikipedia Dr. N. L. Kachhara, 2011
Posted: 11.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
The active universe is comprised of two basic components, (1) matter and energy and (2) jiva , the living substance. The state of the universe is jointly determined by these two components. The inanimate component is bigger than the animate component. 70 percent of the inanimate component is recognized as dark energy by scientists, and not much is known about it. According to Jain philosophy, this part of...
Posted: 10.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
The Big Bang Theory, which is widely accepted by scientists, is also predicted by the red shift given by Hubble's law based on astronomical measurements. The red shift is supposed to occur mainly due to the expansion of space, which causes emitted photons to stretch to longer wave-lengths and lower frequency during their journey of millions and billions of light years. Jain philosophy offers an alternative...
Posted: 09.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
A relationship between order/disorder and quality of life can be established. Forests are order-producing systems, for they receive thermal energy from sunlight and convert it into chemical and electrical energy with the help of nutrients. As chemical and electrical systems are better ordered than thermal systems, plants produce order from disorder. The burning of fuel converts chemical energy into thermal...
Posted: 08.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
For arriving at a conclusion regarding the fate of the loka, we have to know the processes taking place in both living and non-living systems. Let us first consider the living systems of different kinds. The animals (mobile) and human beings. These beings generally have three bodies: the gross body, the karman body, and the tejas body. The gross body exchanges energy and matter, ahara , with the environment for...
Posted: 07.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Living systems are characterized by the presence of a soul. We know that in the development process the soul initially exists in an impure state and takes birth as a one-sensed being. At this stage the soul can take birth anywhere in the universe, making its occurrence highly uncertain. From this point of view, life as a one-sensed being is a highly disordered system. As the soul develops and progresses on its...
Posted: 06.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
We know that the fundamental constituent of matter is paramanu . The energy of a paramanu can be divided into three categories for our purposes: Thermal energy, described as sheeta (cold) and usna (hot) touches. Electric energy, described as snigdha (positive charge) and ruksa (negative charge) touches. Kinetic energy, or motion. The paramanu can change its energy mode spontaneously so that one form of energy...
Posted: 05.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
Some scientists draw a parallel between physical systems and biological systems. As a biological ecosystem evolves by the process of natural selection, it disperses energy, increases entropy, and moves towards a stationary state with respect to its surroundings. According to them, science does not make a distinction between animate and inanimate objects. In both cases, energy flows towards a stationary state,...
Posted: 04.08.2018
By Dr. N.L. Kachhara
The Second Law of thermodynamics conventionally describes physical systems. "An important law of physics, the second law of thermodynamics, states that the entropy of any system cannot decrease except insofar as it flows outward across the boundary of the system. As a corollary, in an isolated system the entropy cannot decrease. By implication, the entropy of the whole universe, assumed to be an isolated...

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