Microcosmology: Atom In Jain Philosophy & Modern Science: [2.3.01] Atom In Jain Philosophy - Pudgala G.P. (General Properties)

Published: 17.09.2007
Updated: 06.08.2008

Pudgala - General Propertieses

  1. Pudgala is

    1. an astikaya [Bhagavati Sutra, 13/4/55 (J.V.B. Edition)]
    2. a real, [Ibid,ibid]
    3. a substance, [Utt. 28/8]
    4. eternal/indestructible, [Tat. Sut. 5/4]
    5. avasthita (non-transmutable) [Ibid, ibid]

  2. Pudgala is physical order of existence, not psychical.[ Ibid, 5/1]

    1. Pudgala possesses qualities of colour, taste, smell and touch. [Bhagavati Sutra, 2/10/129]
    2. Pudgala is sensible/perceivable.[ (a) Tat. Sut, 5/4; (b) Brh. Dra. Sam, verse 15]

    1. Pudgala is kriyavan (i.e. incessantly active). [Tat sut. Bhasya, 5/6}
    2. Pudgala is parinami (i.e. subject to mutation). [Brh. Dra Sam. 2/1 p. 67]

  3. Pudgala is fusionable and fissionable [Tat. Sut. Commentary, 5/1]

    1. Pudgala is numerically infinite. [Bhag. Sut. 2/10/129; Utt. 28/8]
    2. Spatially it fills the entire universe. [Ibid, ibid]

  4. Pudgala interacts with and influences psychic order of existence, i.e., jiva or consciousness. [(a) Tat. Sut. 8/2 (b) Ibid, 5/19]

We shall now discuss the above properties of pudgala in detail:

  • Jain Vishva Barati Institute, Ladnun, India
  • Edited by Muni Mahendra Kumar
  • 3rd Edition 1995

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Astikaya
  2. Avasthita
  3. Bhagavati Sutra
  4. Consciousness
  5. Jiva
  6. Pudgala
  7. Sutra
  8. Utt.
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