Acharanga Bhasyam: Sūtra 105 : Conscious Preparation For Death Through Tappering Off The Food-Intake

Published: 08.06.2011
Updated: 02.07.2015

8.105 jassa ṇaṃ bhikkhussa evaṃ bhavati—se gilāmi ca khalu ahaṃ imaṃsi samaṃe imaṃ sarīragaṃ aṇupuvveṇa parivahittae, se āṇupuvveṇaṃ āhāraṃ saṃvaṭṭejjā, āṇupuvveṇaṃ āhāraṃ saṃvaṭṭettā, kasāe payaṇue kiccā, samāhi- yacce phalagāvayaṭṭhī, uṭṭhāya bhikkhū abhinivvuḍacce.

It may occur to a monk: 'I am sick. At this time I am not able to maintain my body to follow my timely duties'. Such monk should gradually reduce his food. By gradually reducing his food, he reduces his passions. By reducing his passions, he should establish himself in the state of ecstacy and reduce both his body and passions like the plank of wood chiselled on both sides. Thus reduced, the monk should prepare for tranquil death and make his body calm and quiet.

Bhāṣyaṃ Sūtra 105

The ascetic who is attacked by sickness feels like this - I am unable to bear this body for regularly practising compulsory duties. Such monk should gradually reduce his food. This way of attrition practised for death through meditation has been propounded by the Sūtra. The reduction of food is the first step towards the attrition.[1] The second step is the thining of the passions. The reduction of food is the physical attrition. The thining of the passion is spiritual attrition. On this topic, the opinion of the Cūrṇi is this - an ascetic is ordinarly engaged in thining his passions, but he reduces them specially at the time of attrition; some monk destroys all his passions.[2]

The third step is abandonment of the body. This is intended by the expression 'with tranquillized body or state of the mind'. 'Tranquillized body' means guarded body. 'Tranquillized state of mind, means the condition of the spiritual colouring'.[3]

The fourth step is equanimity, which is like the state of the soul that bears the cutting by the axe and smearing by sandal paste with equal tranquillity. The equanimity has been expressed by the phrase 'a plank of wood being chiselled on both sides'.[4] As a log of wood cut out both ways, outside and inside becomes worn out, so an ascetic whose external body or the internal passions are attenuated is called as beyond sorrow and pleasure and is like a plank of wood chiselled on both sides. Such ascetic, having risen up, has his body pacified, he is possessed of tranquillized body.[5]

Footnotes
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Sources

Publishers:
Jain Vishwa Bharati

Ladnun- 341 306 (Raj.) India © Jain Vishva Bharti

ISBNS 1-7195-74-4

First Edition:2001

Courtesy :
Shree Chhotulal Sethia Charitable Trust Sethia House, 23/24,
Radha Bazar Street, Kolkata-700 001 (INDIA)

Printed by:
Shree Vardhaman Press
Delhi (INDIA)

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Some texts contain  footnotes  and  glossary  entries. To distinguish between them, the links have different colors.
  1. Body
  2. Cūrṇi
  3. Dravya
  4. Equanimity
  5. Fasting
  6. Meditation
  7. Niśītha
  8. Pratyākhyāna
  9. Saṃlekhanā
  10. Soul
  11. Sūtra
  12. Uttarādhyayana
  13. Utthāna
  14. Ācārāṅga
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